JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations
JOSEPH BEN MEÏR – Liturgical poet of the thirteenth century; perhaps uncle of Meïr of Rothenburg. He was the author of a dirge beginning with the words , which is believed to have been written on the occasion of the burning of the Talmud at...
JOSEPH BEN MEÏR TE'OMIM – See Te'omim, Joseph ben Meïr.
JOSEPH BEN MORDECAI GERSHON HA-KOHEN – Polish Talmudist; born at Cracow 1510; died 1591. He began his studies in the Talmud at an early age, and became the head of a yeshibah founded for him by his father-in-law. The many pupils who attended this school soon made him...
JOSEPH BEN MORDECAI HA-KOHEN – Turkish rabbi and liturgist of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; born in Jerusalem. He was a pupil of Moses Galante (the younger), whose "Zebaḥ ha-Shelamim" he brought to Amsterdam, where it was printed in 1708. Joseph...
JOSEPH B. MORDECAI TROKI – See Troki, Joseph b. Mordecai.
JOSEPH, MORRIS – English rabbi; born in London May 28, 1848; educated at Jews' College in that city. He was appointed rabbi of the North London Synagogue in 1868, and in 1874 went to the Old Hebrew Congregation of Liverpool, where he officiated...
JOSEPH (JOSLEIN) BEN MOSES – Bavarian Talmudist; born at Höchstädt about 1420; died after 1488. A few details of Joseph's life are known through his "Leḳeṭ Yosher," of which only one copy is extant in manuscript (Munich MSS., Nos. 404, 405). Having studied...
JOSEPH (JOSEL) BEN MOSES FRANKFURT – Dayyan at Fürth in the first half of the eighteenth century; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main; author of "Torat Yosef," masorah on the Pentateuch, with a commentary (Wilmersdorf, 1725).Bibliography: Fürst, Bibl. Jud. ii. 114;...
JOSEPH B. MOSES PHINEHAS – Polish rabbi; born 1726; died at Posen 1801. He was a man of wealth and influence, and of great piety. His father-in-law, R. Ezekiel Landau of Prague, frequently cites him in his "Noda'bi-Yehudah." Joseph was successively rabbi...
JOSEPH BEN MOSES OF TRANI – See Trani, Joseph b. Moses di.
JOSEPH BEN MOSES OF TROYES – French Talmudist of the first half of the twelfth century. Isaac ben Samuel the Elder quotes in his responsa Talmudic explanations which he received orally from Joseph of Troyes. The latter is probably identical with Joseph ben...
JOSEPH HA-NAGID – See Nagdela (Nagrela), Abu Ḥusain Joseph ibn.
JOSEPH NASI OF NAXOS – See Nasi, Joseph (João Migues).
JOSEPH BEN NATHAN OFFICIAL – Controversies with Officials. French controversialist; lived, probably at Sens, in the thirteenth century. He was a descendant of Todros Nasi of Narbonne. His father held a public office to which Joseph probably succeeded;...
JOSEPH NAZIR BEN ḤAYYIM MOSES HA-LEVI – Palestinian rabbi; born at Hebron about 1650; died probably at Cairo 1719. He studied under Moses Galante and became rabbi at Hebron, from which community he was sent to Europe to solicit alms. Ẓebi Ashkenazi met him in this...
JOSEPH BEN NOAH HA-BAṢRI (Abu Ya'ḳub Yusuf ibn Nuḥ) – Karaite scholar of the eighth and ninth centuries; brother of Nissim ben Noah. He translated the Pentateuch into Arabic, with a commentary, an abridgment ("talkhiṣ") of which was made by Abu al-Faraj Harun, and excerpts from...
JOSEPH (MAESTRO) DE NOVES – French physician of Avignon who lived in the middle of the fifteenth century, and was highly esteemed throughout the south of France (Joseph Colon, Responsa, No. 181). During the first part of the seventeenthcentury a rabbi of...
JOSEPH B. PETROS – Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.). He was the father of Joshua b. Levi's first wife (Yer. M. K. iii. 5). He stood in friendly relations with Bar Ḳappara and had a discussion with him in regard to the...
JOSEPH B. PHINEHAS – See Frankfort-on-the-Main.
JOSEPH IBN PLAT – Rabbinical authority of the twelfth century; born presumably in southern Spain, whence he went to Provence and settled in Lunel, though Epstein is of opinion that he was born in the Byzantine empire. If this is so, he may be...
JOSEPH PORAT BEN MOSES – Tosafist of the thirteenth century. The surname "Porat" is an allusion to Gen. xlix. 22. According to Gross, Joseph Porat is identical with Joseph of Caen, who is cited by Samuel of Falaise as a rabbinical authority; but he can...
JOSEPH BEN SAMUEL – See Bonfils, Joseph ben Samuel.
JOSEPH, SAMUEL A. – Australian pioneer and politician; born in London 1824; died in Sydney, New South Wales, Sept. 25, 1898. At the age of eighteen he emigrated to New Zealand, and there acquired so thorough a knowledge of the native language that...
JOSEPH SAMUEL BEN ABRAHAM BEN JOSEPH BEN ABRAHAM BARUCH BEN NERIAH – French rabbi; born at Aix, Provence; flourished at Avignon toward the end of the thirteenth century. Like his father, Abraham ben Joseph of Aix, he was an adherent of Abba Mari of Lunel. During the religious controversy of...
JOSEPH BEN SAMUEL HA-ḤAZZAN – Karaite ḥakam of Halicz, Galicia; died in 1700; pupil of R. Nissim. He was the author of the following works, none of which has been published: "Porat Yosef," on Hebrew grammar and on the excellence of the Hebrew language;...