TE'OMIM, JOSEPH BEN MEÏR:(Redirected from JOSEPH BEN MEÏR TE'OMIM.)
Galician rabbi; born at Lemberg in 1727; died at Frankfort-on-the-Oder in 1793. While still young he succeeded his father in the position of preacher and rabbinical instructor in the yeshibah of Lemberg. Later he went to Berlin, where he stayed several years in the bet ha-midrash of Daniel Jafe. Then he resumed his former position at Lemberg, and in 1782 was appointed rabbi at Frankfort-on-the-Oder, where he remained until his death.
Te'omim, who was one of the foremost rabbis of his time, was a thorough student of rabbinical literature, and was not unlearned in the secular sciences. He wrote: "Peri Megadim," a twofold commentary on the Oraḥ Ḥayyim—one part being entitled "Mishbeẓot Zahab," containing a supercommentary on David ben Samuel's "Ṭure Zahab," and the other "Eshel Abraham," on Abraham Abele's "Magen Abraham" (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1753); "Porat Yosef," novellæ on Yebamot and Ketubot, with rules for halakic decisions (Zolkiev, 1756); "Ginnat Weradim," seventy rules for the comprehension of the Talmud (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1767); "Peri Megadim," a twofold commentary on the Yoreh De'ah—one part being entitled "Mishbeẓot Zahab," containing a supercommentary on David ben Samuel's "Ṭure Zahab," and the other "Sifte Da'at," on Shabbethai Kohen's "Sifte Kohen" (
- D. Cassel, in Ersch and Gruber, Encyc. section ii., part 31, p. 97;
- Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 1534;
- Neubauer, in Ha-Maggid, xiii. 285;
- Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, p. 514;
- Buber, Anshe Shem, p. 95.