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KAHN, ROBERT – German composer and pianist; born at Mannheim July 21, 1865; a pupil of Ernst Frank and Vincenz Lachner (Mannheim), Friedrich Kiel (Berlin), and Joseph Rheinberger (Munich). After living for some time at Vienna and Berlin he...
KAHN, ZADOC – Chief rabbi of France; born Feb. 18, 1839, at Mommenheim, Alsace. In 1856 he entered the rabbinical school of Metz, finishing his theological studies at the same institution after it had been established at Paris as the...
KAIDANOVER, AARON SAMUEL BEN ISRAEL – Polish rabbi; born at Wilna 1614; died at Cracow Dec. 1, 1676 (Michael; but Azulai and Horovitz give 1679; see bibliography). Among his teachers were Jacob Hoeschel and his son Joshua Hoeschel. During the Chmielnicki revolution...
KAIDANOVER, ẒEBI HIRSCH – Native of Wilna; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main March 23, 1712; son of Rabbi Aaron Samuel Kaidanover; pupil of Joseph ben Judah Jeidel, rabbi of Minsk and later of Dubno. Rabbi Joseph's teaching exercised a considerable influence...
KAIDANSKY – See Sachs.
K'AI-FUNG-FOO – See China.
KAINAN – Son of Arphaxad and father of Salah; mentioned only in Gen. xi. 13 (LXX.), Book of Jubilees, viii. 1-4, and Luke iii. 36; omitted in all other versions of Gen. xi. 13, Salah being given as the son of Arphaxad. According to the...
KAIRWAN – Foundation of City. City in the regency of Tunis, thirty miles inland from Susa, and about eighty miles south of the capital. Next to Tunis, it is the largest and most populous city in the country, and is the "Mecca" of North...
KAISER, ALOIS – azzan and composer; born Nov. 10, 1840, at Szobotist, Hungary. He received his early education in the religious school of the Vienna congregation under Dr. Henry Zirndorf, and then studied at the Realschule and the Teachers'...
ḲALA'I, BARUCH BEN SOLOMON – Rabbi of Sardokupis (Serai Keui?), Asia Minor; flourished at the beginning of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Maḳor Baruk" (Smyrna, 1659), responsa arranged in the order of the four Ṭurim. This work was published...
ḲALA'I, MORDECAI B. SOLOMON – Turkish rabbi and author; lived in the first half of the seventeenth century. He was the pupil of R. Aaron Ḥason, R. Aaron Sason, and R. Isaac Franco, and was the chief teacher of the Portuguese yeshibah at Salonica. R. Daniel...
ḲALA'I, SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH – Karaite scholar of Chufut-Kale, Crimea; died Feb. 17, 1754. He was the author of a work entitled "Me'il Shemuel," a commentary on Aaron ben Joseph's "Ha-Mibḥar." Ḳala'i did not live to finish the work, and it was completed...
ḲALA'I, SAMUEL BEN MOSES – Italian Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the sixteenth century at Venice. He was a pupil of David Cohen of Corfu. His father-in-law was Benjamin ben Mattithiah, author of "Binyamin Ze'eb." Ḳala'i was the author of...
KALAM – See Arabic Philosophy.
KALAMAZOO – See Michigan.
KALAẒ (KHALLAṢ), JUDAH – Cabalist and moralist; lived in Algeria, probably at Tlemçen, at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The surname "Kalaẓ" is derived from the Arabic "khallaṣ" (= "collector of taxes"). Kalaẓ, was descended from a Spanish...
KALBA SABUA' – See Ben Kalba Sabbua'.
KALIFA, MOSES BEN MALKA – Poet and controversialist; born at Safi, Morocco, toward the end of the seventeenth century. He belonged on his mother's side to the Bedersi family of Provence. Left an orphan at an early age with an income sufficient for his...