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KALAẒ (KHALLAṢ), JUDAH:

Cabalist and moralist; lived in Algeria, probably at Tlemçen, at the beginning of the sixteenth century. The surname "Kalaẓ" is derived from the Arabic "khallaṣ" (= "collector of taxes"). Kalaẓ, was descended from a Spanish family, members of which settled in Algeria after the expulsion from Spain. A grandson of his, also named Judah, was rabbi at Tlemçen at the end of the sixteenth century. Kalaz was the author of a valuable work on ethics entitled "Sefer ha-Musar" (Constantinople, 1536-37). He frequently quotes the Zohar and other cabalistic works, which he held in great esteem.

Bibliography:
  • De Rossi, Dizionario, p. 89, s.v. Calz;
  • Zunz, Z. G. p. 253;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 1300;
  • idem, in J. Q. R. xi. 125;
  • Neubauer, in R. E. J. v. 47-52;
  • Bloch, Inscriptions Tumulaires, p. 20.
K. I. Br.
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