JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations
KORAN – The sacred scriptures of Islam. According to Mohammedan belief, based upon the testimony of the book itself, the Koran consists of separate revelations vouchsafed by God to Mohammed through the angel Gabriel (sura ii. 91, xxv....
KORÁNYI, FRIEDRICH – Hungarian physician and medical writer; born Dec. 20, 1828, at Nagy-Kallo. In 1851 he took his doctor's degree at Budapest, and after practising for two years in the surgical clinic of Professor Schuh at Vienna, he settled as a...
ḲORBAN – 1. A sacrifice of any kind, whether bloody or bloodless; term used by Josephus in the sense also of a vow-offering, or of something devoted to God ("Ant." iv. 4, § 4; "Contra Ap." i. 22; Mark vii. 11). 2. The sacred treasury in...
KOREFF, SOLOMON – German Talmudist; born about 1700; died in Prague May 24, 1774. For more than forty years he presided over a large yeshibah at Prague. On the record of the appointment of Ezekiel Landau as chief rabbi of Prague (1754; see...
KORIYYAT – See Coriat.
KORN, SELIG (FRIEDRICH N. NORK) – German writer and mythologist; born April 26, 1803, at Prague; died at Teplitz Oct. 16, 1850. Expelled from the gymnasium of his native town on account of a poem composed by him satirizing a teacher, he adopted a mercantile...
KÖRNER, MOSES B. ELIEZER – Russian Hebrew author of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; grandson of Yom-Ṭob Lipman Heller. He was for some time rabbi at Rendsburg; he lived next at Shklov; and from 1802 he lived at Grodno. Toward the end of his life...
KORNFELD, AARON – Austrian Talmudist; born Aug. 2, 1795, at Goltsch-Jenikau, Bohemia; died there Oct. 26, 1881. His only teacher was his father, Rabbi Mordecai Bär Kornfeld, head of a yeshibah, who taught him both the Talmud and the profane...
KORNFELD, HERMANN – German physician; born at Posen 1840; son of the Talmudist Samuel ben Naḥman Kornfeld and grandson of R. Akiba Eger. He received his education at Breslau, Berlin, and Vienna, taking his degree in 1863. Until 1871 he was...
KORNIK (KURNIK), MEÏR BEN MOSES – German rabbi and calendar-maker; born at Glogau, where he was afterward rabbi; died at Hamburg Aug. 9, 1826. Kornik was the author of the following works: (1) "'Ezrat ha-Sofer" (Amsterdam, 1796), a manual for scribes on the...
KOROBKA – That part of the Basket-Tax which is levied in Russia on kasher meat and poultry. The tax on salt, preserved provisions, flour, and grain, while in some instances included in the basket-tax, should not be confounded with the...
KÖRÖSI, JOSEPH – Hungarian statistician; born April 20, 1844, at Pesth. He was educated privately, and then accepted a position with an insurance company, and also entered the field of journalism. In 1867 he became editor of the department of...
KOS – An island belonging to the Sporades group in the Ægean Sea near the Carian coast; known also as Meropis and Nymphæa. Diodorus Siculus (xv. 76) and Strabo (xiv. 657) describe it as a well-fortified port. Its position gave it a...
KOSCH, RAPHAEL – German physician and deputy; born at Lissa, Posen, Oct. 5, 1803; died at Berlin March 27, 1872. Educated at the University of Königsberg (M.D. 1826), he became assistant at the surgical-ophthalmological clinic there and...
KOSINI, LEVI – See Cosin, Lewi.
KOSLOV – See Eupatoria.
KOSMINSKY, MARKS – Founder of the town of Nhill in the colony of Victoria, Australia; died there May 6, 1895. He founded most of the local institutions, the hospital, Mechanics' Institute, the Agricultural and Pastoral Society, the Masonic lodge,...