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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LEVI, SIMḤAH ARYEH BEN EPHRAIM FISCHEL – Russian Hebraist and author of the nineteenth century; born at Hrubieszow, government of Warsaw. He wrote a double commentary on Job, preceded by a preface and two poems (Lemberg, 1833); and "Dibre Purim" (Zolkiev, 1834), an...
LEVI B. SISI (SISYI; SUSYI) – Palestinian scholar; disciple of the patriarch Judah I. and school associate of his son Simeon ('Ab. Zarah 19a); one of the semi-tannaim of the last decades of the second century and of the early decades of the third. He...
LEVI BEN SOLOMON – Galician Talmudist; lived at Brody in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Bet Lewi," halakic novellæ and explanations of the difficult passages in Rashi and Tosafot (Zolkiev, 1732).Bibliography:...
LEVI, SOLOMON B. ISAAC – Rabbi and scholar of the sixteenth century. He was born in Smyrna, became director of the academy 'Eẓ Ḥayyim at Salonica, and went subsequently to Venice. He was versed in philosophy, natural sciences, and mathematics as well as...
LÉVI, SYLVAIN – French Orientalist; born at Paris March 28, 1863. He received his education at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, where he became "agrégé ès lettres" in 1886. Here, too, three years later he was appointed "maître de conférences" in...
LEVI-CATELLANI, ENRICO – Italian lawyer; born at Padua June 12, 1856; educated at the university there. In 1885 he was appointed assistant professor, and in 1890 professor, of international law at the same university. Levi-Catellani is a corresponding...
LEVI-CIVITA, TULLIO – Italian physicist; born at Padua March 29, 1873; educated at the university there (Ph. D). He was successively appointed assistant professor (1898) and professor (1902) of applied mechanics, and professor of higher mechanics. He...
LEVI-PEROTTI, GIUSTINA – A poetess, supposed to be of Sassoferrato, and assumed, until recently, to have addressed to Petrarch a sonnet beginning "Io Vorrei pur Drizzar Queste Mie Piume." This poem, to which Petrarch is said to have replied with his...
LEVIAS, CASPAR – American Orientalist; born in Szagarren Feb. 13, 1860; received his elementary education in Russia and his collegiate training at Columbia College, New York (A. M.), and Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore; he was fellow in...
LEVIATHAN AND BEHEMOTH – Names of gigantic beasts or monsters described in Job xl. The former is from a root denoting "coil," "twist"; the latter is the plural form of "behemah"="beast."—Biblical Data: Ever since Bochart ("Hierozoicon," iii. 705),...
LEVIN, EMANUEL BORISOVICH – Russian teacher and communal worker; born at Minsk Dec. 15, 1820; educated at the Molodechensk school for the nobility (1836-41). He taught in G. Klaczko's private school at Wilna from 1842 to 1844, and at the public schools of...
LEVIN, HIRSCHEL BEN ARYEH LÖB – German rabbi; born at Rzeszow, Galicia, in 1721; died at Berlin Aug. 26, 1800. His father (known also as Saul Levin) was rabbi at Amsterdam; and on his mother's side Hirschel was a nephew of JacobEmden. Although he occupied...
LEVIN, ISRAEL SOLOMON – Danish grammarian and linguist; born in Randers 1810; died in Copenhagen 1883. He graduated from Randers high school, and afterward was employed as editor of a critical journal and as a translator of novels.Levin was the author...
LEVIN, JACOB – Galician Hebraist; born at Brody in 1844. In 1865 he became coeditor with Werber on the Hebrew paper "'Ibri Anoki," in which he published a series of articles on the position of the Jews in Russia before Alexander II. In 1880 he...
LEVIN, JOSHUA HöSCHEL BEN ELIJAH ZEEB – Lithuanian Talmudist and author; born at Wilna July 22, 1818; died at Paris Nov. 15, 1883. After studying Talmud and rabbinics under Elijah Kalischer, Levin settled in Volozhin, where he lectured on Talmud and wrote several...
LEVIN, JUDAH LÖB (JEHALEL) – Hebrew poet; born at Minsk, Russia, 1845. He studied Talmud under Rabbi Ḥayyim Selig and other prominent rabbis. At the age of sixteen he read through the entire Talmud. He was then married tothe daughter of a Ḥasid; and under...
LEVIN, LEWIS CHARLES – American politician and writer; born at Charleston, S. C., Nov. 10, 1808; died in Philadelphia March 14, 1860. When still a youth he went to Woodville, Miss., where he became a school-teacher and studied law. After having been...
LEVIN, MENDEL – Polish scholar and author; born in Satanow, Podolia, about 1741; died in Mikolayev, in the same province, 1819. He was educated for a Talmudist, but became interested in secular studies after reading J. S. Delmedigo's "Elim,"...
LEVIN, MORITZ – German rabbi; born 1843 at Wongrowitz, Posen. He studied at the University of Berlin, and was prepared for his rabbinical career by private teachers. After officiating as rabbi for a short time at Zurich, he went in 1872 in a...
LEVIN, POUL THEODOR – Danish author; born in Copenhagen June 17, 1869; educated at the University of Copenhagen (Ph.D. 1898). Levin, who has become widely known as a literary critic, has written two dramatic works—"Antoinette" and "Sejr" (Copenhagen,...
LEVIN (ROBERT), RAHEL ANTONIE FRIEDERIKE – German writer; born at Berlin June 19, 1771; died there March 7, 1833. Her home life was uncongenial, her father, a wealthy jeweler, being a strong-willed man and ruling his family despotically. She was very intimate with...
LEVIN, ẒEBI HIRSCH – See Levin, Hirschel ben Aryeh Löb.
LEVINSOHN, ANNA HENRIETTE – Danish operatic singer; born in Copenhagen Jan. 8, 1839; died there March 22, 1899. She made her début at the Kongelige Theater in Copenhagen on Dec. 20, 1860, when she, as Nannette in "Den Lille Rödhætte," completely won the...
LEVINSOHN, ISAAC BAER – Russian-Hebrew scholar and writer; born at Kremenetz Oct. 13, 1788; died there Feb. 12, 1860. His father, Judah Levin, was a grandson of Jekuthiel Solomon, who settled in Kremenetz and acquired considerable wealth, and a son of...
LEVINSON-LESSING, FEODOR (FRANZ) YULYEVICH – Russian geologist; born 1861. He graduated from the physico-mathematical faculty of the University of St. Petersburg in 1883, was placed in charge of the geological collection in 1886, and was appointed privat-docent at St....