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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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LIEN – See Mortgage or Hypothec.
LIFE – Biblical Data: The word "ḥayyim" (= "life") denotes first of all the animal existence which, according to Scripture, begins when "the breath [or spirit] of God" ("ruaḥ," "neshamah," or "nefesh") is first inhaled through the...
LIGHT – The primal element of Creation in all ancient cosmogonies; the first creation of God.—Biblical Data: "God said, Let there be light": and out of the primeval chaos there came forth "light" (Gen. i. 2-3). In the Creation psalm,...
LIGHT AND AIR – See Neighboring Owners.
LIGHT OF TRUTH – See Periodicals.
LIGHTFOOT, JOHN – English Christian divine and Talmudist; born at Stoke-upon-Trent 1602; died at Ely 1675. He passed through Christ's College, Cambridge, and later took orders, serving for the rest of his life as curate, rector, and canon. From...
LIGHTNING, BENEDICTION ON – The Mishnah (Ber. ix. 2) prescribes, "At the sight of shooting stars or of lightning, and at hearing earthquakes, thunder, and storms, the benediction 'Blessed be He whose power and might fill the world' should be recited. At...
LILIEN, EPHRAIM MOSES – Austrian artist; born at Drohobicz, Galicia, in 1874. Lilien's artistic inclinations became evident early in life. He was apprenticed to a sign-maker, with whom he worked in return for meager board, and subsequently attended the...
LILIENBLUM, MOSES LÖB – Russian scholar and author; born at Keidany, government of Kovno, Oct. 22, 1843. From his father he learned the calculation of the course of the stars in their relation to the Hebrew calendar ("Ḥaṭṭot Ne'urim," i. 15). At the...