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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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NORDHAUSEN – The Black Death. Prussian manufacturing town, in the province of Saxony. The earliest mention of Jews at Nordhausen occurs in a document signed by Rudolph I. of Habsburg and dated Oct. 30, 1290. In the oldest extant statutes of...
NORDHEIMER, ISAAC – American Orientalist; born 1809 at Memelsdorf, near Erlangen, in Bavaria; died 1842. A very promising Talmudic student, he was educated successively at the rabbinical school at Presburg, then under the personal direction of the...
NÖRDLINGEN – History of the Community. City in the district of Swabia, Bavaria; till 1803 a free city of the German empire. Like Augsburg, Nuremberg, Würzburg, and other cities of the district, Nördlingen probably had a Jewish population in...
NORK, FRIEDRICH N – See Korn, Selig.
NORMANDY – See France.
NORTH CAROLINA – One of the South Atlantic states of the American Union, and one of the thirteen original states. In 1826 Isaac Harby estimated that there were 400 Jews in the state. Its principal town is Wilmington, the first Jewish settlers of...
NORTHAMPTON – Capital of Northamptonshire, England. Jews were living there as early as 1180, when it is recorded that Samuel of Northampton, for obtaining a divorce from his wife, owed the king 5 marks. Four years later he made arrangements...
NORTHEIM – Town in the province of Hanover, Prussia. It has a population of 6,695, of whom over 100 are Jews. Jews lived there as early as the fourteenth or fifteenth century, and paid to the council of Hildesheim a semiannual tax ranging...
NORWAY – Northwestern division of the Scandinavian peninsula. It has a total population of 2,240,032. The census of 1897 counted over 300 Jews there, but their number has since doubled. In conformity with a law which became operative...
NORWICH – Capital town of the county of Norfolk, England. After London, Oxford, and Cambridge, it is the earliest English town mentioned as being inhabited by Jews. The so-called martyrdom of William of Norwich—the first case of blood...
NORZI – Italian family, many members of which were distinguished as scholars and rabbis. Probably the family name is derived from the town of Norcia. According to Mortara, there were two distinct families of the name at Mantua—one from...
NOSE – Anthropologists who consider the nose an important racial index (Topinard, Bertillon, Deniker, and others) in their classifications of varieties of noses have one class which they call "Jewish," or "Semitic"—prominent, arched,...
NOSE-RING – The Hebrew word (plural, ) is used for both earrings and nose-rings, but where the latter is referred to the word is added (Isa. iii. 21); or it is indicated in another way that the ring is intended for the nose (as in Gen....