Angel, first named in the Slavonic Book of Enoch (written before the common era; see
With the communication of the Book of Secrets the real importance of Raziel ends, nor is he mentioned as often as the angels Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, etc. According to the Book of Raziel, he is the angel of magic, who teaches men astrology, divination, and the lore of amulets; the mysticism associated with him is the precursor of the "practical Cabala." In this capacity Raziel appears in the astrology of the Arabs, where he presides over the twentieth lunar station in the zodiac. In view of these characteristics a distinction must be made between the mysticism of the Merkabah and of Meṭaṭron on the one hand, and the mysticism of Raziel on the other. See Raziel, Book of.
- Zunz, G.V. p. 167;
- Bloch, Gesch. der Entwickelung der Kabbala, pp. 32-34, Treves, 1894;
- Schwab, Vocabulaire de l'Angélologie, p. 246, Paris, 1897.