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SAMUEL BEN ISAAC HA-SARDI:

Spanish rabbi; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. In his youth he attended the school of Rabbi Nathan ben Meïr of Trinquetaille, Provence, and later he returned to Spain, his native country. Conforte ("Ḳore ha-Dorot," p. 20a) derives the name "Sardi" from the city of Sardinia. Zacuto ("Yuḥasin," ed. Filipowski, p. 221a) calls Samuel "Ha-Sefaradi"; so does Heilprin in "Seder ha-Dorot," i. 216b, 292a in the Warsaw edition of 1883, but in iii. 108b of the Warsaw edition of 1882 he designates him "Ha-Sardi."

Samuel was a contemporary of Naḥmanides, whom he consulted on Talmudical questions. Solomon ben Abraham of Montpellier, who in his implacable hatred of philosophy denounced the works of Maimonides and appealed to the Inquisition to burn them, wrote a letter to Samuel in which he speaks highly of his learning and reminds him of their friendly relations in their youth. This letter, one of the many that Solomon addressed to French and Spanish rabbis against Maimonides, was published by S. J. Halberstam in Kobak's "Jeschurun," viii. 98.

Samuel wrote in 1225: "Sefer ha-Terumot" (Salonica, 1596 and 1628; Prague, 1605, with Azariah Pigo's commentary "Giddule Terumah," Venice, 1643), novellæ on the civil laws of the Talmud, divided into "she'arim" (gates) and "peraḳim" (chapters). In the preface the author mentions another work written by him, "Sefer ha-Zikronot," on the arrangement of the tractates and chapters of the Mishnah; but it was not printed, and the manuscript is no longer extant.

Bibliography:
  • Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim, i. 124b, No. 129; ii. 115b, No. 98, Warsaw, 1876;
  • Benjacob, Oẓar ha-Sefarim, p. 673, No. 978;
  • Frankel, Der Gerichtliche Beweis, p. 111;
  • Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 326;
  • Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, No. 1208;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 2476.
D. S. Man.
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