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ASHKENAZI, JUDAH SAMUEL B. JACOB:

A commentator, ritualist, and liturgical editor; born in the second half of the eighteenth century; lived at Tabareeyeh (Tiberias), Palestine, whence he was sent as communal traveling agent to Europe. He afterward settled at Leghorn, where the following of his works were published: "Yissa Berakah" (He Shall Receive a Blessing), a commentary on Jeruham b. Meshullam's "Sefer Mesharim" (1822); "Geza' Yishay" (The Stem of Jesse), a collection of rites and laws, alphabetically arranged, of which the first volume alone, containing the letters א to ו, was published (1842). He further edited and annotated a prayer-book according to the Spanish rite, "Tefillot lekol ha-Shanah" (Prayers for the Whole Year), divided into five parts: (1) "Bet 'Obed" (The House of the Serving), containing the prayers for the week-days; (2) "Bet MenuḦah" (The House of Rest), for Sabbaths; (3) "Bet Mo'ed" (The House for the Feasts), for the three festivals Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles; (4) "Bet Din" (The House of Judgment), for New-Year; and (5) "Bet ha-Kapporet" (The House of Forgiveness), for the Day of Atonement (Leghorn, 1843-1855). I. Costa edited and arranged Ashkenazi's work. He is the author, also, of "Gebul Yehudah" (Judah's Territory), containing novellæ on the Talmud.

Bibliography:
  • Zedner, Cat. Hebr. Books Brit. Mus., p. 58;
  • Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael, p. 214.
L. G. M. B.
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