Name of a Jewish family. As is the case with all names derived from places, the surname "Austerlitz" does not necessarily signify that all the persons so named belong to one family. It denotes that an ancestor of the person came from that place or was for some time a resident there. In the tombstone inscriptions of the old cemetery at Prague this name occurs after 1620. The name is also found in Prague among those of Jews banished from Vienna in 1670, and in other localities in Austria and Hungary. Of the members of this family known in literature and communal life, the following may be mentioned:Aaron b. Meïr Austerlitz:
Secretary to the rabbinate of Berlin, 1775.Baruch b. Solomon Austerlitz:
Rabbi in Cologne and preacher at Prague at the beginning of the eighteenth century; grandson of Baruch, an exile from Vienna. He was son-in-law of the "primator" (president of the congregation), Samuel Tausk, or Taussig, of Prague. He wrote approbations ("ḥaskamot") to an edition of the Midrash Rabbat printed at Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1705, and to the 'Aruk ha-Ḳaẓer, Prague, 1707. One of his sermons was published in Prague, 1713. His daughter became the second wife of R. Moses Ḥarif (Brandeis).Hirschel Austerlitz:
A communal leader exiled from Vienna in 1670. In 1675 he, together with Hirz Coma, Max Schlesinger, Solomon Wolf, and Solomon Auspitz, signed a petition to Emperor Leopold I., praying that the Jews might be allowed to resettle in Vienna.Mayer Austerlitz:
Now rabbi in Eperies, Hungary; was one of Hildesheimer's earliest pupils.Moses b. Joseph Austerlitz:
A scholar and promoter of Jewish learning; lived in Vienna, but when the Jews were expelled from that city and from Lower Austria (1669), he removed to Nikolsburg, Moravia. His house was the resort of scholars, especially after the fire of Prague in 1689. Thus he helped to support the cabalist Moses ben Menahem Graf, author of "Wa-Yaḳhel Mosheh" (And Moses Gathered); Judah b. Nisim, author of "Bet Yehudah" (The House of Judah); and Isaac Ẓoref, author of "M'ozene Ẓedeḳ" (Just Scales), all of whom speak highly of him.
- Kaufmann, Die Letzte Vertreibung der Juden aus Wien, Vienna, 1889;
- Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 772;
- Hock, Die Familien Prag's, ed. D. Kaufmann, Presburg, 1892.