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BETURIA, PAULINA:

Roman proselyte to Judaism (about the year 50), known under the name "Sarah," who, according to her Latin epitaph, was eighty-six years and six months old at the time of her death. For sixteen years she was a Jewess, a mother of the synagogues ("mater synagogarum") of the Campesian and Volumnian communities in Rome. A proselyte variously mentioned in Talmudic sources as Beluryah, Beruryah, Belurit, and Beruẓia, who was learned in the Jewish law, and who induced her slaves to become proselytes (Mek., Bo, 15; R. H. 17b; Yeb. 46a; Gerim. ii. 4), is perhaps identical with Beturia.

Bibliography:
  • Grätz, Gesch. der Juden, 3d ed., iv. 102;
  • Vogelstein and Rieger, Gesch. der Juden in Rom, i. 74.
G. S. Kr.
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