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JOAB BEN JEHIEL:

Liturgical poet; lived at Rome in the fourteenth century. He belonged to the Beth-El family, and was the author of five piyyuṭim (inserted in the Roman Maḥzor) for Passover, having for their subject the Canticles, and piyyuṭim for Shabu'ot and the New-Year (before "Nishmat"), and for the Day of Atonement (before "Ḳaddish"). In the Roman Maḥzor, also, a prayer entitled "Ashmurot ha-Boḳer" for Thursdays on which the "Taḥanun" is not recited, is signed "Joab"; and a seliḥah bearing the same signature is found in the seliḥot collection at Tripoli. Joab is believed to be identical with the young poet whom Immanuel satirized ("Maḥberot," viii. 66).

Bibliography:
  • Luzzatto, Mebo, pp. 23, 26;
  • Zunz, G. S. iii. 171;
  • idem, Literaturgesch. p. 501;
  • Landshuth, 'Ammude ha-'Abodah, p. 81;
  • Vogelstein and Rieger, Gesch. der Juden in Rom, i. 446.
G. I. Br.
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