JOSEPH BEN KALONYMUS HA-NAḲDAN:
German Masorite and liturgical poet; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was the author of a long acrostic poem on the accents, with a commentary. Joseph composed also liturgical poems, among which were: and , found in the French manuscript Maḥzor of 1278; a dirge beginning with and a seliḥah beginning with , on the martyrs of Fulda.
- Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 335;
- idem, Z. G. p. iii.;
- Landshuth, 'Ammude ha-'Abodah, p. 95;
- Steinschneider, Jewish Literature, p. 139.