JOSHUA (Jesus) BEN GAMLA:
A high priest who officiated about 64
Joshua did not remain long in office, being forced, after a year, to give way to Matthias ben Theophil ("Ant." xx. 9, § 7). Together with the former high priest Anan and other men of rank, he opposed, but without success, the election of Phinehas b. Samuel (68) as high priest ("B. J." iv. 3, § 9). He attempted peaceably to prevent the fanatic and pugnacious Idumeans from entering Jerusalem, then torn by internal dissensions. After they had come into possession of the city, these fanatics took bloody vengeance on him, by executing him, as well as Anan, as traitors to their country (68) ("B. J." iv. 5, § 2).
- In addition to the authorities mentioned above, Derenbourg, Histoire de la Palestine, p. 248;
- Grätz, in Monatsschrift, xxx. 59;
- Strassburger, Gesch. der Erziehung bei den Israeliten, p. 20;
- Schürer, Gesch. der Juden, i. 584, 618; ii. 221, 424.