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ḲASMUNAH (sometimes called Xemone):

Jewish poetess, Andalusian by birth; lived in the twelfth or thirteenth century and wrote in Arabic. Al-Maḳḳari included her in his list of Arabian poets in Spain. According to him Ḳasmunah's father, Ishmael, also was a poet and took great pains with the education of his daughter. He was in the habit of beginning a strophe and calling on her to finish it. Al-Maḳḳari has preserved only two of her verses.

Bibliography:
  • Al-Maḳḳari, Analectes sur l'Histoire et la Littérature des Arabes d'Espagne, ii. 356;
  • J. Q. R. xi. 128;
  • Kayserling, Die Jüdischen Frauen, p. 142, Leipsic, 1879;
  • Bacher, in Monatsschrift, xx. 186;
  • Steinschneider, Arabische Literatur, § 228.
G. M. W. M.
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