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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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AARON JAROSLAW – See Jaroslaw, Aaron.
AARON JEITELES – See Jeiteles, Aaron.
AARON OF JERUSALEM – Karaite of the eleventh century. He was acknowledged by the Rabbinites as one of the principal representatives of Karaitic learning and as a great authority on grammar and exegesis. He is quoted by Abraham ibn Ezra in the...
AARON OF JITOMIR – A disciple of Baer of Mezhirich and a representative of the sect of the Ḥasidim: born about 1750; died about 1820. He wrote cabalistic homilies on the Pentateuch under the title "Toledot Aharon" (The Generations of Aaron),...
AARON, JONAS – First known Jewish resident of Philadelphia; mentioned in an article entitled "A Philadelphia Business Directory of 1703," by Charles H. Browning, published in "The American Historical Register," April, 1895. There the name of...
AARON BEN JOSEPH OF BEAUGENCY – French Bible commentator and rabbinical scholar, who flourished in the twelfth century at Beaugency, near Orleans. He was the contemporary of Rabbenu Tam (about 1110-75), with whom he maintained a scholarly
AARON BEN JOSEPH OF BUDA (Ofen) – A Judæo-German poet of the seventeenth century, who was captured in the city of Ofen, the capital of Hungary, on September 2, 1686, when the imperial troops, under the command of Duke Charles of Lorraine, finally wrested it from...
AARON BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI – Talmudist and critic; a direct descendant of Zerahiah Ha-Levi, and probably, like him, a native of Gerona, Spain; flourished at the end of the thirteenth century; died before 1303. About the middle of the thirteenth century he...
AARON BEN JOSEPH, THE KARAITE – Eminent teacher, philosopher, physician, and liturgical poet in Constantinople; born in Sulchat, Crimea, about 1260; died about 1320. He took a prominent part in the regeneration of Karaism by the help of philosophical elements...
AARON BEN JOSEPH SASON – Talmudic author; born toward the middle of the sixteenth century, probably at Salonica, where he received his rabbinical education under the supervision of Mordecai Matalon, an eminent scholar. During the last decades of the...
AARON KUPINO – See Aaron Cupino.
AARON LEVI – See Montezino, Antonio.
AARON HA-LEVI OF BARCELONA – The "Ḥinnuk." Spanish Talmudist of the end of the thirteenth century; author of the first book of religious instruction among the Jews of the Middle Ages. Though his work the "Sefer ha-Ḥinnuk" (Book of Education) was well known,...
AARON HA-LEVI BEN MOSES OF STAROSELYE – A Talmudic scholar and cabalist of note, who flourished in Poland during the latter part of the eighteenth century and the early part of the nineteenth. He was one of the most enthusiastic and steadfast disciples of the cabalist...
AARON HA-LEVI OETTINGEN – Galician rabbi; born about the beginning of the eighteenth century; died in Lemberg about 1769. He was one of a prominent family of rabbis, and officiated for the congregations of Javorov and Rzeszow. His father, Ḥayyim Judah...
AARON OF LINCOLN – His Transactions. English financier; born at Lincoln, England, about 1125; died 1186. He is first mentioned in the English pipe-roll of 1166 as creditor of King Henry II. for sums amounting to £616 12s. 8d. (about $3,083, the...
AARON MARKOVICH OF WILNA – Agent (court Jew) of King Ladislaus IV. of Poland in the seventeenth century. The only known document in which his name occurs is a letter, dated January 11, 1638, in the official correspondence between the Russian and Polish...
AARON BEN MEIR OF BREST – Lithuanian rabbi; born about the beginning of the eighteenth century at Brest-Litovsk ( ), Russia; died there Nov. 3, 1777. He was a descendant of the family of Katzenellenbogen-Padua, and received his Talmudical instruction...
AARON BEN MENAHEM MENDEL – Russian rabbi, who flourished at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Seyag la-Torah" (Fence to the Law), which was printed at Lemberg in 1810. This work contains references to all the passages of the Babylonian...
AARON BEN MESHULLAM BEN JACOB OF LUNEL – Ritualist; flourished about the end of the twelfth century and the beginning of the thirteenth; died about 1210 (according to "Shebeṭ Yehudah"). He was one of the five sons of Meshullam ben Jacob and seems to have written a book...
AARON BEN MORDECAI OF RÖDELHEIM – Translator, who flourished early in the eighteenth century. He translated the two Targums on Esther into Judæo-German in the early years of the eighteenth cen-tury; and the first edition, bearing the title "Meẓaḥ Aharon,"...
AARON BEN MOSES BEN ASHER – A distinguished Masorite who flourished in Tiberias in the first half of the tenth century. He was descended from a family of Masorites which can be traced back through six generations to Asher the Elder, who flourished in the...
AARON MOSES BEN JACOB TAUBES – See Taubes, Aaron Moses ben Jacob.
AARON BEN MOSES MEIR PERLS – See Perls, Aaron ben Moses Meir.
AARON MOSES BEN MORDECAI – One of the few cabalistic writers of recent times in East Prussia: author of a work, "Nishmat Shelomoh Mordecai" (The Soul of Solomon Mordecai; Johannisberg, 1852), so called in remembrance of his son, who died in early...