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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ABBA MARI BEN JOSEPH IBN CASPI – See Caspi, Abba Mari ben Joseph ibn.
ABBA MARI BEN MOSES BEN JOSEPH DON ASTRUC (En Astruc) OF LUNEL – Defender of Law and Tradition. (Graetz and others have, incorrectly, En Duran): Leader of the opposition to the rationalism of the Maimonists in the Montpellier controversy of 1303-1306; born at Lunel—hence his name, Yarḥi (from...
ABBA B. MARTHA – A Babylonian scholar of the end of the third century and beginning of the fourth. He seems to have been in poor circumstances. Once he incurred a debt to the resh galuta (exilarch), which he could not repay, and only by...
ABBA BAR MEMEL – A Palestinian amora, who lived toward the end of the third century. He belonged to the circle of Ammi at Tiberias, and enjoyed the reputation of a great halakist. In three propositions he limited and rendered practically...
ABBA NASIA, JOSEPH – Chief justice in Majorca, 1405; died, 1439.Bibliography: Zunz, Zur Gesch. und Literatur, p. 517.G.
ABBA BAR PAPPAI – A Palestinian amora, of the fourth century who died 375. As the second link in the transmission by tradition ofLevi's haggadic sayings, he is generally mentioned together with Joshua of Siknin, who was the first link (Yer. Ber....
ABBA SAḲḲARA – Insurrectionary leader; lived in the first century in Palestine. According to Talmudic accounts (Giṭ. 56a), he took a very prominent part in the uprising against Rome in 70, being then at the head of the Zealots at Jerusalem. He...
ABBA SAUL BEN BOTNIT – See Saul, Abba b. Botnit.
ABBA SAUL – See Saul, Abba.
ABBA OF SIDON – A Palestinian amora of the latter part of the third century or the early part of the fourth. He is mentioned only once, as a transmitter of a haggadic saying of Samuel b. Naḥman (Midr. Sam. xxiii.; Eccl. R. vii. 1).W. B....
ABBA THE SURGEON (UMANA) – Mentioned in the Talmud as an example of genuine Jewish piety and benevolence (Ta'anit, 21b et seq.). Although dependent upon his earnings, he was so unselfish and considerate that, in order to avoid embarrassing the poor among...
ABBA (BA) BAR ZABDAI – A Palestinian amora, who flourished in the third century. He studied in Babylonia, attending the lectures of Rab and Huna, and subsequently settled at Tiberias, where he occupied a respected position by the side of Ammi and...
ABBA BAR ZEBINA – A Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He was a pupil of R. Zeira, in whose name he transmitted many sayings. He was employed in Rome as a tailor in the house of a Gentile who, under the threat of death, tried to force him...
ABBAHU – Knowledge of Greek Literature. A celebrated Palestinian amora of the third amoraic generation (about 279-320), sometimes cited as R. Abbahu of Cæsarea (Ḳisrin). His rabbinic education was acquired mainly at Tiberias, in the...
ABBAS – This name does not appear in the long lists of Jewish names in pre-Islamic Arabia, nor does it occur among the Jews in general until the twelfth century. This shows that there is not much evidence to support the theory that the...
ABBAS (ABAS), AARON – Editor and printer at Amsterdam, at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was the publisher of two works: (1) Aaron Peraḥyah's responsa, known under the name of "Peraḥ Maṭṭeh Aharon" (Amsterdam, 1703), the title-page of...
ABBAS, JOSEPH – Copyist of "MS. Kauffmann," No. 45; lived at the end of the seventeenth century.H. Hir.
ABBAS, JUDAH IBN, OF FEZ – A poet, and author of the piyyuṭ "Et Sha'are Raẓon." He was the first Jew known by the name of Abbas; died at Mosulin 1163. His Arabic name was Abu al-Baga ibn Abbas al-Maghribi. Al-Ḥarizi (Taḥkemoni, Mak. iii.) states that...
ABBAS, JUDAH B. SAMUEL BEN – A Spaniard of the thirteenth century. This form of his name is authenticated in the headings of his two works in "MS. Loewe," viii.; namely, (a) "Minḥat Yehudah," a fragment of two leaves only, also styled "Meḳor Ḥayyim" (Source...
ABBAS, MOSES – A name borne by several persons of whom the following three are mentioned in Zunz ("Literaturgesch." p. 342): 1. Moses Abbas flourished about 1400 and carried on a correspondence with the Provençal poet Solomon Bonfed, who...
ABBAS, MOSES JUDAH – A Hebrew poet; lived about the middle of the seventeenth century at Rosetta, in Egypt. He was a descendant of the Abbas family, whose poetic bent continued to manifest itself even when the neo-Hebrew poetry was on the decline....
ABBAS (ABAS), RAPHAEL BEN JOSHUA – Printer and editor at Amsterdam; contemporary, and undoubtedly a relative, of Aaron Abbas. He supplemented the work of Aaron Abbas by publishing the other book of Aaron Peraḥyah, "Pirḳe Kehunah" (Amsterdam, 1709). He is probably...
ABBAS (ABAS, ABATZ), SAMUEL B. ISAAC – Rabbi in the latter half of the seventeenth century at Amsterdam, where his death occurred about 1693. He translated into Portuguese, from the Hebrew version of Ibn Tibbon, Baḥya's "Ḥobot ha-Lebabot" (Amsterdam, 1670), which...
ABBAS, SAMUEL ABU NAṢR IBN – A son of Judah ibn Abbas of Fez; lived in the twelfth century. Joseph Sambari and the "Yuḥasin" call him Samuel ben Azariah ("Rev. Ét. Juives," iv. 188, v. 52), which Steinschneider believes to be a mistake originating in his...
ABBAS, YOM-ṬOB BEN JONAH – Mentioned in the responsa of Judah ben Asher (fols. 30 and 35). H. H.