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ABIGDOR – A prænomen, as well as a family name, which first appeared in the Middle Ages and which is still in use. In Russia it is pronounced "Vigder." It is supposed to be the Biblical ("Father of Gedor"; I Chron. iv. 18); though some...
ABIGDOR, ABRAHAM – A physician, philosopher, and translator; born in Provence, probably at Arles, in 1350. He should not be confounded with Maestro Abraham Abigdor, who in 1386 was the proprietor of a house at Arles ("Monatsschrift," 1880, pp....
ABIGDOR COHEN – Italian rabbi, distinguished for learning and wealth, who lived in Ferrara about the middle of the fifteenth century. Joseph Kolon, the most important Talmudist of Italy at that time, speaks of him in terms of the highest...
ABIGDOR BEN ELIJAH HA-KOHEN – The earliest of the great Talmudists of Austria; flourished about the middle of the thirteenth century. He was the pupil of R. Simḥa of Speyer (who flourished about 1220), but he knew also R. Joel ha-Levi of Bonn (who flourished...
ABIGDOR DE FANO – See Fano, Abigdor de.
ABIGDOR ḤAYYIM – See Ḥayyim, Abigdor.
ABIGDOR BEN ISAAC – A French rabbinic scholar; lived during the second half of the thirteenth century. He is probably identical with the "Abigdor the Frenchman" mentioned in old manuscripts, who wrote a commentary on the Maḥzor. From a note in...
ABIGDOR BEN HA-ḲANAH – See Ḳanah.
ABIGDOR ḲARA – See Ḳanah, Abigdor.
ABIGDOR BEN MENAHEM – German Talmudist; lived at the beginning of the fifteenth century. The Bodleian collection of manuscripts contains responsa by him. Abigdor ben Menahem, to judge from the place assigned to him in the collection, seems to have...
ABIGDOR BEN MOSES – Lived in the sixteenth century in Cracow. He translated certain portions of the prayer-book into German.Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. No. 4171; Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, No. 13.G.
ABIGDOR BEN NATHAN OF AVIGNON – French Talmudist; flourished in the thirteenth and at the beginning of the fourteenth centuries. He was the teacher of Abraham ben Nathan, the author of "Ha-Manhig," in which work Abigdor is twice mentioned. In 1304, when...
ABIGDOR BEN SAMUEL – A rabbi in Pruzhany, Rushony, Wilkowyszky, and Selva (Lithuania and Poland), from 1719 to 1768. Toward the close of his life he removed to Wilna, where his son Samuel was rabbi. He died there March 1, 1771. Responsa of his are...
ABIGDOR BEN SIMḤA – A German author, who was born in Glogau in the second quarter of the eighteenth century. After having been a tutor for some time in Berlin, he removed to Prague in 1768, and there followed the same vocation. Early in 1773, while...
ABIGDOR B. SIMON COSTELLEZ – See Kosteliz (Costellez), Abigdor b. Simon.
ABIGDOR, SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM – A Hebrew translator; born in Provence in 1384. Assisted by his father, Abraham Bonet ben Meshullam, he, at the early age of fifteen years, translated Arnauld de Villeneuve's work, "De Judiciis Astronomiæ," from Latin into Hebrew...
ABIGDOR ZUVIDAL – Italian rabbi of German descent, who flourished in the sixteenth century; died Nov. 13, 1601. David de Pomis, in the preface to his dictionary, "Ẓemaḥ David," states that Abigdor was of German descent. It was at the request of...
ABIHAIL – 1. The father of Zuriel, a Levite of the family of Merari (Num. iii. 35). 2. Wife of Abishur (I Chron. ii. 29). 3. Son of Huri, a Gadite resident in Gilead (I Chron. v. 14). 4. Wife of Rehoboam and daughter of Eliab, the brother...
ABIHU – Biblical Data: He is mentioned in Ex. xxiv. 1, 9, where he and his brother are classed with Moses and Aaron as the leaders or chiefs of the "elders" of Israel, who go up into the mount to eat the covenant meal with YHWH.In other...
ABIHUD – A grandson of Benjamin, mentioned in the genealogical list of I Chron. viii. 3. G. B. L.
ABIJAH – Name of several Old Testament personages, of whom the following are the most notable:1.—Biblical Data: Son of Samuel, who, with his elder brother Joel, judged Israel in Beersheba. Their inefficiency and venality were the...
ABILA – See Abilene.
ABILENE – A small district of Syria on the eastern slope of Anti-Libanus. It was so called from the town of Abila, on the northern declivity of Mt.Hermon, about eighteen miles northwest of Damascus. The district was given as a tetrarchy...
ABILENE – A village situated northwest of Sepphoris (Neubauer, "Géographie du Talmud," p. 259). According to Grätz ("Gesch. d. Jud." 2d ed., ii. 257), a district of Perea (Lev. R. xvii.; Pesiḳ. Wa-yeḥi, 66a). G. B. L.
ABIMAEL – Son of Joktan (Gen. x. 28); found also in the corresponding genealogical list of Shem's descendants in I Chron. i. 22. G. B. L.