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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ABELITES – A North-African Christian sect, probably of gnostic antecedents, limited to a few small communities in the neighborhood of Hippo in the time of Augustine, late in the fourth or early in the fifth century. Doubtless the name...
ABELMAN, ILIA SOLOMONOVICH – A Russian astronomer; born at Dünaburg, now Dvinsk, in 1866; died at Wilna, December 29, 1898. His early education was received at the gymnasium of Riga, whence he graduated in 1887, gaining the gold medal. He proceeded to the...
ABELSON, JUDAH BEN ISAAC – A merchant, who devoted the greater part of his time to study; lived toward the end of the eighteenth century at Sherwenty, in Lithuania. His devotion to the study of the Talmud was so intense that, according to his grandson,...
ABEN IN JEWISH NAMES – See Ibn.
ABENABAZ – See Abbas, Moses ibn.
ABENABEZ, MOYSES – See Moses ben Moses of Calatayud.
ABENATAR MELO, DAVID – See Melo, David Abenatar.
ABENDANA – The name of a number of Spanish- and Portuguese-Jewish (Sephardic) families in Amsterdam and London. The first person to assume it was the Marano Francisco Nuñez Pereyra, who fled from Spain through dread of the Inquisition at...
ABENDANA, ISAAC – Teacher of Hebrew at Oxford University. Born about the middle of the seventeenth century; died about 1710. He was a brother of the celebrated Jacob Abendana, the distinguished Spanish physician and ḥakam. Having lived at Hamburg...
ABENDANA, JACOB – akam of London; born 1630; died Sept. 12, 1695. He was the oldest son of Joseph Abendana, and attended the rabbinical academy De los Pintos in Rotterdam. In 1655 he accepted a call as ḥakam to Amsterdam. In the same year, on May...
ABENDANA, JOSEPH – A refugee from the rage of the Spanish Inquisition who settled in Hamburg; he was related to the ḥakam of that name. A relative, Mordecai Abendana, was prominent among the founders of the Hamburg Bank, in 1620. Jacob and Isaac,...
ABEN-EZRA – See Ibn Ezra, Judah and Moses.
ABENGDOR (Abigdor, Abengedor) ḲANAH – See Ḳanah, Abigdor.
ABENHEIM, JOSEPH – Violinist and orchestra leader; born at Worms in 1804; died Jan. 18, 1891, at Stuttgart. He received his first musical instruction from Schlösser, and in his early youth joined an orchestra at Mannheim. In 1825 he became a...
ABENHUACAR – See Wakkar, Samuel ibn.
ABENSUR, DANIEL – A Portuguese Jew, who died in Hamburg in 1711. At one time he advanced a considerable sum of money to the Polish Crown, and later became minister resident of the King ofPoland, at Hamburg. He was buried in the cemetery of the...
ABENSUR, JACOB – Probably a son of Daniel Abensur; was also Polish minister resident at Hamburg, after 1695. By instituting private religious services in his own house, in 1701, he caused a division in the Portuguese congregation, in respect to...
ABENTREVI, JOSEPH – Physician in ordinary to King James I. of Aragon, by whom, in January, 1271 or 1272, Abentrevi was allotted an annual allowance of 500 sueldos (about $12.50, or £2 10s.). The name is probably derived from the Arabic Ibn...
ABENYULY, ELIAU, OF GIBRALTAR – See Ibn Yulee, Eliau.
ABERDEEN (Scotland) – The chief city of northern Scotland, capital of Aberdeenshire. Jews have but recently settled in this city, the only synagogue of which (at 34 Marischal street) was founded in 1893. Six years later the whole Jewish population...
ABERLE (RABEL), ABRAHAM – Moravian Hebraist; lived at Austerlitz in the third decade of the nineteenth century. All his literary productions—poems, metrical translations, exegetical notes, and riddles—were published in vols. ix. and x. of "Bikkure...
ABERLE, ABRAHAM BEN ABRAHAM SOLOMON – called also Abele Posveller. See Abraham Abele ben Abraham Solomon.
ABERLE, JACOB BENEDICT (BENNET) – See Benedict (Bennet), Jacob (Aberle).
ABERLE (ABRIL), SOLOMON B. ABRAHAM – Author of "Binyan Shelomoh" (The Structure of Solomon), homilies on the Pentateuch, published at Shklov in Posen, 1789 (see Benjacob, "Oẓar ha-Sefarim," p. 81). K.
ABERLE, RAB – See Abraham of Hamburg.