JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations
CAMPEN, JOHN VAN – Christian professor of Hebrew at Louvain and Cracow; died at Freiburg in Breisgau Sept. 6, 1538. He compiled a Hebrew grammar from Elias Levita's work, which ran through three editions (Cracow, 1534; Paris, 1539, 1543). He also...
CAMPHIRE – A shrub growing to a height of between eight and ten feet, and bearing cream-colored and very fragrant flowers. The botanical name of the plant is Lawsonia alba. In ancient times it grew very plentifully near En-gedi (Song of...
CANAAN – Biblical Data: Name of the son of Ham, and a brother of Cush (Ethiopia), Mizriam (Egypt), and Put (Phut), occurring in the geographical-ethnographical table, Gen. ix. and x. Originally the name "Canaan" was not an ethnic term....
CANAANITES, THE – Various Applications of the Term. The expressions "Canaan" and "Canaanite" ( ) are applied in the Old Testament sometimes to the collective non-Israelitish population west of the Jordan, or to the land itself (Gen. xii. 5; Josh....
CANADA – A federation of provinces in British North America. The earliest authentic records of the Jews in Canada go back to the period when England and France were engaged in their final contest for the mastery of the northern part of...
CANAIM OF CAGLIARI – Italian archeologist of the eighth century, of whom nothing is known except that, like his contemporary towns-man Abraham di Cagliari, he was engaged in copying and deciphering Phenician and Greek inscriptions.Bibliography:...
CANCELATION OF DOCUMENTS – An instrument in writing may be canceled by cross-lines or by other marks obliterating it, or by burning or tearing the material on which the writing occurs.A Torn Document Invalid. In the Jewish law there are certain peculiar...
CANCER – A malignant growth of new tissue; usually in the form of a tumor. Whether removed or not, it tends to give rise to secondary growths in near or distant parts of the body, and to prove fatal. The term "cancer" is usually applied...
CANDIA – See Crete.
CANDIA, ISAAC B. SAUL CHMELNIKER – Hebrew poet; lived at Warsaw, Poland, in the first half of the nineteenth century. He is the author of an elegy on the death of Alexander I., emperor of Russia (Warsaw, 1826), the poem being accompanied by a German version of...
CANDLE TAX – See Taxation.
CANDLESTICK – Mentioned as a secular object only in II Kings iv. 10. The candlestick in the Temple, however, is frequently referred to, although there is no reliable definite information from earlier times concerning its use or its...
CANISO, ABRAHAM LEVI – See Barrios, Daniel Levi (Miguel) de.
CANIZAL, JACOB – Flourished probably in the fifteenth century. He was the author of notes on Rashi's commentary to the Pentateuch, which were published in "Perushim, le-Rashi," Constantinople, 1525 (?).Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl....
CANKERWORM – See Locust.
CANNEH – A city mentioned in the long list of the contributors to Tyrian greatness and commercial power (Ezek. xxvii. 23). The name occurs in no other passage. Cornill takes it to be the "Calneh" of Amos vi. 2; and one manuscript has...
CANON – A rule for the inclusion of certain books within a certain degree of sanctity; hence also the word "canonical." See Bible Canon. J.
CANOPY, BRIDAL – See Ḥuppah.
CANSINO – Spanish-Jewish family, famous in history for its wealth and influence, its scholars and poets.Jacob Cansino I. served as an interpreter at Oran, a Spanish colony in northwestern Africa, under Charles V., until 1556, when he was...
CANSINO, ABRAHAM BEN JACOB – 1. Poet; lived in the seventeenth century. He is the author of "Aguddat Ezob" (A Bunch of Hyssop), a collection of poems and rhetorical compositions, in three parts, praised very highly by Isaac Cansino and David Abu al-Khair (...
CANSINO, ISAAC (BEN ḤAYYIM) – Poet and prominent member of the Jewish community of Oran; died in 1672; probably a brother of Jacob Cansino II. He was a liturgical poet of high attainments, and cantor in the synagogue on the Day of Atonement, an office...
CANSINO, JACOB – Vassal of his Catholic majesty and interpreter of languages in the places of Oran" (so styled by himself); died Sept. 19, 1666. He was the fifth in succession of the Cansino family to hold the office of royal interpreter. Upon...