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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HALBERSTADT, JUDAH BEN BENJAMIN – Rabbinical author of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Minḥat Yehudah," giving explanations of all passages in Rashi on Berakot in which the word "ke-lomar" occurs. A similar work on Shabbat, 'Erubin, and Berakot...
HALBERSTADT, MORDECAI – German rabbi; born at Halberstadt at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died at Düsseldorf about 1770. After studying at Frankfort-on-the-Main under Jacob ha-Kohen (1730), Halberstadt became teacher in the rabbinical...
HALBERSTAM, SOLOMON JOACHIM – Austrian scholar; born at Cracow Feb. 23, 1832; died at Bielitz March 24, 1900. His father, Isaac Halberstam, was a prominent merchant who devoted his leisure time to study, and left in manuscript a work which Solomon published...
ḤALEB – See Aleppo.
HA-LEBANON – See Brill, Jehiel.
HALÉVY (ḤALFAN), ÉLIE – French Hebrew poet and author; born at Fürth in 1760; died at Paris Nov. 5, 1826; father of Fromenthal and Léon Halévy. At an early age Halévy went to Paris, where he became cantor. His knowledge of the Talmud and his poetical...
HALÉVY, JACQUES FRANÇOIS FROMENTHAL ÉLIE – French composer; born at Paris May 27, 1799; died at Nice March 17, 1862. His family name was "Levi"; his father, Élie Halévy, was a Bavarian by birth. At the age of ten he entered the Paris Conservatoire and studied under Cazot...
HALÉVY, JOSEPH – French Orientalist; born at Adrianople Dec. 15, 1827. While a teacher in Jewish schools, first in his native town and later in Bucharest, he devoted his leisure to the study of Oriental languages and archeology, in which he...
HALÉVY, LÉON – French author and dramatic writer; brother of Jacques François Fromenthal Halévy; born at Paris Jan. 14, 1802; died at Saint Germain-en-Laye Sept. 2, 1883. After finishing a course at the Lycée Charlemagne, Halévy became a...
HALÉVY, LUDOVIC – French dramatist; born in Paris Jan. 1, 1834; a son of Léon Halévy and a nephew of Jacques François Fromenthal Halévy. He was educated at the Lycéc Louis le Grand in Paris; after graduating he entered the service of the...
HALF-BLOOD – See Family and Family Life.
ḤALFAN, URI SHERAGA PHOEBUS BEN ELIEZER MANNELES – Rabbi of Ungarisch-Brod, Moravia, in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Dat Esh," containing responsa and a commentary on the laws of Kilayim in Maimonides' code (Berlin, 1743). The...
ḤALFON, ABBA MARI – Italian astronomer of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. In 1492 he was at Naples, where he studied astronomy. Ḥalfon was the author of "Ṭa'ame Miẓwot," containing explanatory notes on the Alfonsine Tables, and still extant...
ḤALFON, ABRAHAM BEN RAPHAEL – Rabbi of Tripoli, North Africa; died about 1803. He was the author of a work entitled "Ḥayye Abraham," a treatise on the ritual laws of Oraḥ Ḥayyim. and Yorch De'ah (Leghorn, 1826).Bibliography: Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole...
ḤALFON, ELIJAH MENAHEM – Italian Talmudist and physician; son of the astronomer Abba Mari and son-in-law of Kalonymus ben David (Maestro Calo); flourished at Venice in the middle of the sixteenth century. In a collection of responsa compiled by Joseph...
HALFORD, GEORGE EDWARD – Private in the mounted infantry of the City of London Imperial Volunteers; born 1878; died at Karee, near Bloemfontein, May 15, 1900, during the war with the Transvaal (1899-1900). He was educated at University College School,...
HALHUL – City in the hill country of Judah, mentioned in the list of cities in the inheritance of that tribe (Josh. xv. 58). Halhul was about four miles to the north of Hebron, and, according to a Jewish tradition (Hottinger, "Cippi...
HALI – Town on the boundary of Asher, mentioned in Josh. xix. 25 between Helkath and Beten. The Septuagint gives the name as "Aleph."E. G. H. B. P.
ḤALILAH – Biblical term denoting "far be it [from me, thee, etc.]." In Talmudic literature it has two distinct meanings, derived from the two meanings of the root "ḥalal" (to profane; pollute). In some instances its signification is...
ḤALIẒAH – The Ḥaliẓah Shoe.(After Bodensehatz, 1748)The ceremony of the taking off of a brother-in-law's shoe by the widow of a brother who has died childless, through which ceremony he is released from the obligation of marrying her, and...
ḤALLAH – The priest's share of the dough. The Biblical law in the case of ḥallah (Num. xv. 17-21; comp. Neh. x. 38), as in the case of the heave-offering ("terumah"; Num. xviii. 11), is indefinite. It enjoins the separation of the ḥallah...
HALLE-ON-THE-SAALE – University town in the Prussian province of Saxony. Jews settled there soon after the city was founded, in the beginning of the twelfth century, the wealthy members of the community having business relations with the nobility in...
HALLE, AARON BEN WOLF – Translator and commentator of the Bible; born 1754 at Halle; died at Fürth March 20, 1835; son of Dr. Wolf of Fürth. He was a follower of Moses Mendelssohn; editor (1797) of the periodical "Ha-Meassef" (in which he signed...
HALLEL – The name given in the Talmud and in rabbinical writings to Ps. cxiii.-cxviii. considered as a single composition, which they undoubtedly are. They are more distinctively known as the "Hallel of Egypt," as distinguished from Ps....
HALLELUIAH – A doxological expression signifying "Praise ye the Lord," the sacred name being shortened to its first two letters. Except in Ps. cxxxv. 3 it is found only at the beginnings or ends of psalms; namely, civ., cv., end; cvi.,...