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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HA-MEASSEF – See Meassefim; Periodicals.
HA-MEBASSER – See Periodicals.
HA-MEḤAḲḲER – See Periodicals.
HA-MELIẒ – The oldest Hebrew newspaper in Russia. It was foundedby Alexander Zederbaum, in Odessa, in 1860, as a weekly, and was transferred to St. Petersburg in 1871. Its publication was several times suspended for lack of support or by...
HAMELN – Prussian town on the Hamel and Weser. Jews are recorded as present in Hameln as early as 1277. About the middle of the following century (1341) a considerable number of Jews lived there. They were admitted by the city council at...
HAMELN, GLÜCKEL OF (Glückel von Hameln) – German diarist; born about 1646 in Hamburg; died 1724 at Metz. In 1649, when the German Jews were expelled from Hamburg, Glückel's parents moved to Altona; but in consequence of the Swedish invasion of that city in 1657 they...
ḤAMEẒ – See Leaven.
HAMMATH – One of the fortified cities of Naphtali (Josh. xix. 35). It is probably the same as Hammoth-dor, which was allȯtted to the Levites in Naphtali (ib. xxi. 32), and which, in the parallel list of I Chron. vi. 76, is called...
HAMMEAH, TOWER OF – Tower near the sheep-gate of Jerusalem (Neh. iii. 1, xii. 39). The rendering of the Greek version, "the tower of the hundred," might be interpreted to mean that the tower either was garrisoned by one hundred men, or was one...
HAMMEDATHA – Father of Haman (Esth. iii. 1, 10; viii. 5; ix. 10, 24). He is generally designated as the "Agagite," being referred to only once (ib. ix. 10) without that epithet. The name, derived from the Persian, signifies "given by the...
HAMMER – The following designations for "hammer" are found in the Hebrew Bible:1. "Maḳḳabah" ("maḳḳebet"): A tool or implement used by the stone-cutter for hewing stone (I Kings vi. 7); by the smith in fashioning iron (Isa. xliv. 12), or...
HAMMERSCHLAG, JOSEPH (NATHAN NAT'A ḤAZZAN BEN MOSES NAPHTALI HIRSCH) – Moravian cabalist; lived in the seventeenth century. He was the author of the following: "Or ha-Ganuz," commentary on part of the Zohar (begun in 1648); "Sefer Mo'ade ha-Shem," a treatise on the calendar, beginning with the year...
HAMMERSTEIN, OSCAR – American theatrical manager; born at Berlin May 8, 1848, where he was educated. In March, 1863, he emigrated to America and settled in New York city, where he engaged in cigar-making. Turning to journalism, he became editor of...
HAMMON – 1. A place in the territory of Asher, mentioned in Josh. xix. 28, between Rehob and Kanah. It is believed that the ruins now called "Ummel-'Amud" (or "'Awamid") occupy its site.2. A city allotted to the Levites out of the tribe...
HAMMURABI – King of Shinar; perhaps identical with Abraham's contemporary, Amraphel, who is mentioned in Gen. xiv. 9; the sixth king in the first dynasty of Babylon. Hammurabi was the founder of the united Babylonian empire; he conquered...
HAMNUNA I. – Babylonian amora of the third century; senior to Joseph b. Ḥiyya (Ket. 50b; Tosef., Ket. s.v. ). He was a disciple of Rab (Abba Arika), from whom he received instruction not only in the Halakah (B. Ḳ. 106a), but also in ethics...
HAMNUNA II. – Babylonian amora of the third and fourth centuries; in the Babylonian Talmud sometimes referred to as Hamnuna Saba ("the elder"), to distinguish him from a younger Hamnuna. He was a native of Harpania (Hipparenum; Neubauer, "G....