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HALPERINE-KAMINSKY, ELY – Russian writer; born at Vassilkof April 9, 1858. After having completed his studies at the University of Odessa he went (1880) to Paris, where he has since resided. The French secretaries of state and of commerce have on several...
HALPHEN, FERNAND – French composer; born at Paris Feb. 18, 1872; pupil of J. Massenet, G. Fauré, and André Gedalge. In 1895 he won the first "accessit" for fugue at the Conservatoire, and in 1896 the second "Grand Prix de Rome" for his cantata...
HALPHEN, GEORGES-HENRI – French army officer and mathematician; born at Rouen Oct. 30, 1844 died at Versailles May 21, 1889. He studied at the Ecole Polytechnique, and afterward at the Ecole de Metz, becoming lieutenant in 1866 and captain in 1870. He...
HALTERN, JOSEPH – One of the Meassefim; died in Berlin Sept. 5, 1818 (1817, according to Philippson in "Allg. Zeit. des Jud." ii. 216). He wrote "Esther," a Hebrew adaptation of Racine's drama of the same name.Bibliography: Zeitlin, Bibl. Hebr....
ḤALUḲḲAH – An organized collection of funds for distribution among the indigent Jews in the Holy Land, and for the aid of those who, moved by religious motives, desire to journey thither. Sympathizing coreligionists of almost every...
HAM – Biblical Data: Second son of Noah (Gen. v. 32); mentioned second in the table of the nations (Gen. x. 6), where his descendants are given. In Gen. ix. 24 he appears as the youngest of Noah's sons, who treated his father with...
ḤAMA – Babylonian scholar of the fourth amoraic generation; contemporary of Papa (Ket. 86a), and successor of Naḥman b. Isaac in the rectorate of the academy at Pumbedita (356-377; Grätz, "Gesch." 2d ed., iv. 366; comp. Sherira's...
ḤAMA B. BISA (BISAI) – Amora of the third century, who formed the middle link of a scholarly trio, and who exceeded his predecessor, as his successor in turn exceeded him, in the acquisition of knowledge. Like many other students, he left home and...
ḤAMA B. ḤANINA – Palestinian amora of the third century; contemporary of R. Johanan (Shab. 147b). Like his father, Ḥanina b. Ḥama, he directed a school at Sepphoris (Yer. Sanh. x. 28a), and was well known in the circles of the halakists (comp....
HA-MABDIL – A hymn signed with the acrostic "Isaac ha-Ḳaṭon" (Isaac ben Judah ibn Ghayyat, 1030-89), obviously written for the Ne'ilah service of the Day of Atonement, but now used in the Habdalah at the close of the Sabbath. Of its many...
HAMADAN – Persian city; 160 miles west-southwest of Teheran. Hamadan is generally identified with the ancient Ecbatana, the Achmetha of the Bible, capital of Media Magna. It seems that the Jews settled there soon after its foundation and...
HA-MAGGID – See Periodicals.
ḤAMAI – Pseudonym of a cabalist belonging, according to Jellinek, to the school of Isaac the Blind. The works which bear this name are: "Sefer ha-Yiḥud," probably on the Tetragrammaton, quoted by Meïr ibn Gabbai ("'Abodat ha-Ḳodesh,"...
HAMAN THE AGAGITE – Biblical Data: Son of Hammedatha; chief minister of King Ahasuerus (Esth.iii.1-2). As his name indicates, Haman was a descendant of Agag, the king of the Amalekites. On account of his attempt to exterminate the Jews in the...
HAMATH – A city and district on the northern frontier of Palestine (Num. xiii. 22, xxxiv. 8; I Kings viii. 65; and elsewhere), situated at the foot of Mount Hermon (Josh. xiii. 5; Judges iii. 3). It is once called = "the great Hamath"...
HAMATH-ZOBAH – A place mentioned in II Chron. viii. 3, as having been taken by Solomon. Some conjecture that Hamath-zobah is the same as Hamath; but the rendering of the former as "Bacsoba" by the Greek translators indicates that the two were...
HA-MAZKIR – A bibliographical magazine published by M. Steinschneider, twenty-one volumes of which, covering the years 1858-82, were issued. Its full title reads: " : Hebräische Bibliographie: Blätter für Neuere und Aeltere Literatur des...
HAMBERGER, C. H. – Physician in Leipsic; died March 2, 1847, at an advanced age. He translated G. B. de Rossi's "Dizionario Storico degli Autori Ebrei" into German under the title "Historisches Wörterbuch der Jüdischen Schriftsteller und Ihrer...
HAMBRO, JOSEPH – Aulic councilor to the King of Denmark; born at Copenhagen Nov. 2, 1780; died in London Oct. 3, 1848. He began hiscareer with a Hamburg firm, afterward, however, devoting himself, as general agent, to the development of his...
HAMBRO' SYNAGOGUE – Founded in London by Mordecai Hamburger in 1702, as a protest against the tyranny of Abraham of Hamburg, the parnas of the Great Synagogue. Its members met at Hamburger's house, in Magpye alley, Fenchurch street, the rabbi being...
HAMBURG – German city on the right bank of the Elbe, between Sleswick-Holstein and Hanover. The first Jewish settlers were Portuguese Maranos, who had fled from their own country under Philip II. and Philip III., at first concealing their...
HAMBURGER, JACOB – German rabbi and author; born at Loslau, Silesia, Nov. 10, 1826. He received his early education in Ratibor, and then attended the yeshibot of Hotzenplotz, Presburg, and Nikolsburg, and the University of Breslau. In 1852 he was...
HAMBURGER (HAMBURG), JACOB BEN MORDECAI WIENER – Chief rabbi of Prague; died Nov. 12, 1753. Hamburger was one of the rabbis who in 1725 signed the address to the Polish Jews warning them against the Shabbethaians. He was the author of a work entitled "Ḳol Ḳol Ya'aḳob,"...
HAMBURGER, MORDECAI – English communal leader; born in Hamburg about 1660; died in London about 1730; founder of the Hambro' Synagogue. He was a son of R. Moses ben Löb, one of the founders of the Altona community. He married Fradche, the daughter of...
HAMBURGER, WOLF (ABRAHAM BENJAMIN) – Talmudical scholar and head of the yeshibah in Fürth; born Jan. 26, 1770; died May 15, 1850. He was a contemporary of R. Moses Sofer, and is mentioned by the latter in his "Ḥatam Sofer." He wrote: (1) "Sha'ar ha-Zeḳenim," in two...