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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HARRIS, MAURICE HENRY – American rabbi; born Nov. 9, 1859, in London, England; educated in London and at Columbia College, New York city, graduating in 1887 (M.A., Ph.D.), and at the Emanu-El Theological Seminary of New York city.In 1883 Harris was...
HARRISBURG – See Pennsylvania.
HARROW – See Agriculture.
HARRWITZ, DANIEL – German chess master; born 1823 in Breslau, Silesia; died Jan. 9, 1884, at Botzen, Tyrol; received most of his chess-training from Anderssen. Harrwitz lived for some time in France, and at intervals in England. His chess career...
HARSELANI, ABRAHAM AL- – Karaite scholar; flourished in Babylonia in the tenth century. He is cited in Al-Hiti's chronicle as having disputed with the rabbinical authorities of his time. He is also quoted by Mordecai ben Nissim in the "Dod Mordekai" (p....
HARSITH – One of the gates of Jerusalem, mentioned in Jer. xix. 2 (R. V.); it led into the Valley of Hinnom. The meaning of the name can not be ascertained. The Authorized Version gives "east gate," evidently connecting it with "ḥeres"...
HART – One of the clean animals enumerated in Deut. xiv. 5 (comp. xii. 15, 22; xv. 22), and among those provided for the table of Solomon (I Kings v. 3 [A. V. iv. 23]). It is certain that one of the Cervidœ is intended by "ayyal," but...
HART – Several families of this name, of Anglo-Jewish origin, settled early in the English possessions in America, including Canada.Isaac Hart: One of the earliest Jewish residents of Newport, R. I. He settled there as early as 1750,...
HART, AARON – First chief rabbi of the Ashkenazic Jews in England; born at Breslau in 1670; died in the year 1756. After studying at a yeshibah in Poland, he married the daughter of R. Samuel ben Phoebus of Fürth, author of a commentary on...
HART, EMANUEL B. – American congress-man; born in New York Oct. 29, 1809; died Aug. 29, 1897. When twenty years old he joined the volunteer fire department of New York, as a member of engine company No. 9, and continued in active service five...
HART, ERNEST ABRAHAM – English physician and editor; born in London 1836; died there Jan. 7, 1898. He was educated at the City of London School and Queen's College, Cambridge. Choosing medicine as a profession, he was entered at St. George's Hospital,...
HART, HENRY JOHN – Australian magistrate; born in New York May 7, 1820; died 1884. Educated at Columbia College, New York, he was destined for the legal profession; but, evincing a distaste for the law, he left New York and went to Sydney in 1839....
HART, SIR ISRAEL – Ex-mayor of Leicester, England; born 1835. Chairman of the Hart and Levy Company, wholesale clothing manufacturers, he has been prominently identified with the municipal life of Leicester since the year 1874, when he was elected...
HART, MOSES – Founder of Duke's Place Synagogue, London; born in Breslau; died in London 1756; brother of Rabbi Uri Phoebus (Aaron Hart), chief rabbi of the Ashkenazic Jews of England. During the high-treasurership of Lord Godolphin in the...
HART, SOLOMON ALEXANDER – Artist, and librarian at the Royal Academy, London; born at Plymouth April, 1806; died in London June 11, 1881. In 1823 he was entered at the Royal Academy as a student of painting. His earliest work was a portrait miniature of...
HARTFORD – See Connecticut.
HARTMANN, ANTON THEODOR – German author; born at Düsseldorf June 25, 1774; died at Rostock April 20, 1838. At Göttingen, Eichhorn led him to turn his attention to the study of the Old Testament and of Oriental languages. He taught for fifteen years, and...
HARTMANN, MORITZ – Austrian poet; born at Przibram, Bohemia, Oct., 1821; died at Oberdöbling, near Vienna, May 13, 1872. He was educated at the gymnasiums at Jung-Bunzlau and Prague, and at the universities of Prague and Vienna. After traveling in...
HARTOG, CÉCILE – English composer and pianist; born in London. She studied music under C. K. Salaman, and afterward at the Royal Academy of Music, London, also receiving instruction from F. H. Cowen, Bargiel, Oscar Beringer, andKarl Klindworth...
HARTOG, EDOUARD DE – Dutch composer; born in Amsterdam Aug. 15, 1826; studied under Bartelmann, Döhler, Mme. Dulcken, and Hoch; subsequently with Elwart and Litolff, and still later with Heinze and Damcke. In 1852 he settled in Paris, where he...
HARTOG, LEVI DE – Dutch jurist; born at Gorinchem (Gorkum), Holland, Nov. 6, 1835; studied law and (under Professor Dozy) Oriental languages at the University of Leyden (LL.D. 1859). De Hartog settled as a lawyer and private tutor in Leyden, and...
HARTOG, MARION – English writer; born at Portsea on Oct. 22, 1821; fifth daughter of Joseph Moss. She was educated by her parents, and at an early age began with her sister Celia the composition of poems and stories. At sixteen they published by...
HARTOG, NUMA EDWARD – First Jewish senior wrangler; born in London May 20, 1846; died June 19, 1871. At Pinches' Commercial School and afterward at University College School he gained all the principal prizes. In 1862 he obtained the Jews'...
HARTOG, PHILIP JOSEPH – English chemist and educationist; born in London March 2, 1864; educated at University College School, at Owens College, Manchester, and at the universities of Paris and Heidelberg; B.Sc. of Victoria University, Manchester, and...
HARTOGH, ABRAHAM FRANS KAREL – Dutch jurist and deputy; born at Amsterdam Dec. 29, 1844; died at The Hague Feb. 13, 1901; LL.D. Leyden 1869. Hartogh settled as a lawyer in Amsterdam, and soon became one of the capital's most prominent leaders of the Liberal...