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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ḤASON, JOSEPH IBN – Talmudist; author of a work entitled "Sefer Bet ha-Melek," containing a commentary on Maimonides' Mishneh Torah; responsa on Oraḥ. Ḥayyim, Yoreh De'ah, and Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, and novellæ on the Pentateuch (Salonica,...
ḤASON, SOLOMON BEN AARON – Turkish rabbi of the sixteenth century. Of his works the following are known: "Bet Shelomoh," responsa, at the end of which are added some responsa by R. Daniel Estorza (Salonica, 1720); and "Mishpaṭim Yesharim," containing...
HASSENAAH – The sons of Hassenaah rebuilt the fish-gate in the wall of Jerusalem (Neh. iii. 3). The name occurs twice (Ezra ii. 35 and Neh. vii. 38) without the definite article, while in Neh. xi. 9 (R. V.) and I Chron. ix. 7 (R. V.) it...
HASSLER, SIMON – American musician; born in Bavaria July 25, 1832; died in Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 25, 1901; son of Henry Hassler, also a musician, who, with his family, emigrated to the United States in 1842. Simon received a sound musical...
HAST, MARCUS – London cantor and composer; born at Warsaw in 1840. In 1864 he went to Germany to study music, and on his arrival at Breslau was appointed cantor at the chief Orthodox synagogue. While at Breslau he gave instruction to many...
HAT – See Head-Dress.
ḤATAN BERESHIT – See Bridegroom of the Law.
ḤATAN TORAH – See Bridegroom of the Law.
HATHACH – One of the eunuchs in the palace of Ahasuerus (Xerxes), in immediate attendance on Esther, who employed him in her communications with Mordecai (Esth. iv. 5-10, R. V.). The Septuagint has ἈξραΘεῖος.E. G. H. B. P....
HA-TOR – See Periodicals.
HATRA'AH – Caution or warning given to those who are about to commit a crime. The Rabbis consider the fact that not all men are lawyers (comp. "Yad Malaki," Din 24), and therefore many sin through ignorance or error. To prove guilty...
HATRED – Feeling of bitter hostility and antagonism toward others. It is intrinsically wrong when the good is hated, but it is proper to hate the evil. The Decalogue speaks of those that hate God (Ex. xx. 5; Deut. v. 9); so also Num. x....
HATSEK, IGNAZ – Hungarian chartographer and engraver; born April 7, 1828, at Olmütz. He was educated in the public and the Jewish schools of his native town. During 1848 and 1849 he was lieutenant of the Honvéd artillery, and in 1851 became...
HATTARAT HORA'AH – A rabbinical diploma; a written certificate given to one who, after a thorough examination, proves himself competent and worthy to be a rabbi. It is a substitute for the "semikah," which could be conferred only in Palestine, by...
HATTUSH – 1. Son of Shemaiah, a descendant of the kings of Judah, in the fifth generation from Zerubbabel (I Chron. iii. 22). He returned with Zerubbabel and Ezra from Babylon to Jerusalem (Ezra viii. 2; Neh. xii. 2), and was one of those...
HAURAN – A region east of the Jordan and north of Gilead, reaching east to the desert. It is mentioned in Ezek. xlvii. 16, 18, in connection with the eastern border of the land of Israel, as the land between Damascus and Gilead. The...
HAUSEN, MOSES BEN ASHER ANSHEL – Danish Talmudic scholar: born at Copenhagen 1752; died June 28, 1782. He wrote a work entitled "Ḳaran Or Pene Mosheh," a homiletic commentary to Genesis (Hamburg, 1787). Zedner and Benjacob attribute the authorship of this work...