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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HE-ḤALUẒ – Hebrew magazine or year-book which appeared irregularly between 1852 and 1889. Its German title, "Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen über Jüdische Geschichte, Literatur, und Alterthumskunde," indicates the nature of its contents. It...
HEIDELBERG – University town in the grand duchy of Baden, Germany; it has a population of 40,240, including 882 Jews. The community there dates from the middle of the thirteenth century, as is shown by historical references to the presence...
HEIDENHEIM, PHILIP – German rabbi and teacher; born at Bleicherode June 14, 1814. In 1834 he was called as teacher to Sondershausen, where he worked under I. Wolffson, whom he succeeded in 1837 as principal and preacher. In 1840 he was appointed...
HEIDENHEIM, WOLF (BENJAMIN) BEN SAMSON – His Pentateuch. Wolf Heidenheim.German exegete and grammarian; born at Heidenheim in 1757; died at Rödelheim Feb. 23, 1832. At an early age Heidenheim was sent to Fürth, where he studied Talmud under Joseph Steinhardt, author of...
HEIDINGSFELD – Bavarian city, on the Main, near Würzburg. It has a population of 4,154, including 100 Jews (1903). That it contained one of the oldest Jewish settlements may be seen from the "Martyrologium" of Nuremberg (ed. Salfeld, p. 233),...
HEIFER, RED – See Red Heifer.
HEILBRON, DAVID – Dutch physician; born at The Hague July 4, 1762; died at Amsterdam 1847. He was educated at the University of Leyden, graduating (M.D.) in 1784. From 1785 to 1800 he practised in his native city. In the latter year he removed to...
HEILBRONN – Town of Württemberg in the district of the Neckar. There was an important community there in 1298, when Rindfleisch and his hordes slew nearly 200 Jews (Oct. 19). Among the victims were one rabbi and one punctator ("naḳdan"). At...
HEILBRONN (HEILPRIN), ABRAHAM BEN MOSES ASHKENAZI – Chief rabbi of Lemberg; born in 1578; died Jan. 2, 1649. His father was related to R. Solomon Edels. Abraham Heilbronn wrote: "Birkat Abraham," a homily which he delivered on the day of his "bar miẓwah" (Prague); "Ahabat...
HEILBRONN, JACOB BEN ELHANAN – German rabbi and mathematician; flourished in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. After occupying various rabbinates he settled at Padua. He wrote: "Seder Meliḥah," a treatise in Judæo-German on the law of salting meat, at...
HEILBRONN, JOSEPH BEN ELHANAN – German Hebrew scholar; lived at Posen in the sixteenth century. Nepi-Ghirondi's "Toledot Gedole Yisrael" (p. 203) mentions a Joseph Heilbronn who died at Padua in 1622, but who can not be identified with Joseph ben Elhanan....
HEILBUT, ABRAHAM BEN JUDAH – German Talmudist; lived at Altona in the middle of the eighteenth century. In July, 1751, he wrote there "Binah Rabbah," a commentary to the Midrash Rabbah and on the Midrashim to Psalms; Proverbs, and Samuel. Chief attention is...
HEILBUTH, FERDINAND – French painter; born at Hamburg in 1826; died Nov. 19, 1889, at Paris, where he had been naturalized ten years previously. His work is characterized by lively coloring and accentuation of expression. He exhibited at the annual...
HEILPRIN – Besides the numerous Heilbrons, Heilbronners, Heilpruns, and Heilbruns who are known to have lived between the middle of the sixteenth century and the present time, there are four distinct branches of the Heilprin family. 0The...
HEILPRIN, ABRAHAM BEN MOSES – See Heilbronn, Abraham ben Moses Ashkenazi.
HEILPRIN, ANGELO – American naturalist, geologist, and traveler; son of Michael Heilprin; born March 31, 1853, at Sátoralja-Ujhely, Hungary. He was taken by his father to the United States in 1856. Some years later he returned to Europe, where he...
HEILPRIN, ELIEZER B. MORDECAI – Polish rabbi; born probably in Yaroslav, Galicia, in 1648; died at Fürth in 1700. He was rabbi successively in Gross Meseritẓ, Moravia; Tomaszow, Russian Poland; and Fürth, Bavaria. Heilprin was the author of "Siaḥ ha-Se'uddah,"...
HEILPRIN, JEHIEL BEN SOLOMON – Lithuanian rabbi, cabalist, and chronicler; born about 1660; died at Minsk about 1746. He was a descendant of Solomon Luria, and traced his genealogy back through Rashi to the tanna Johanan ha-Sandlar. He was rabbi of Glusk,...
HEILPRIN, JOEL BEN ISAAC – Polish Ḥasidic rabbi; lived at Ostrog in the middle of the seventeenth century. He was known as "Ba'al Shem I.," and, owing to his Talmudic and cabalistic learning, enjoyed a great reputation among his contemporaries, who called...
HEILPRIN, JOEL BEN URI – Galician thaumaturge; lived at Satanow in the first half of the eighteenth century. Possessed of a fair knowledge of medicine and physics, he pretended to effect cures and perform miracles by means of the Cabala and the Holy...
HEILPRIN, LOUIS – American encyclopedist; son of Michael Heilprin; born in Miskolcz, Hungary, July 2, 1851. He emigrated with his parents to the United States in 1856, and was educated privately. He contributed articles to the second edition of...
HEILPRIN, MICHAEL – Association with Kossuth. Polish-American scholar, author, and philanthropist; born in Piotrkow, Russian Poland, Feb. 23, 1823; died in Summit, N. J., May 10, 1888. He was the son of Phinehas Mendel Heilprin, and was brought up...
HEILPRIN, PHINEHAS MENDEL – Polish Hebraist; born in Lublin Nov., 1801; died in Washington, D.C., Jan. 30, 1863. Trained in the study of the Talmud and its commentaries, his critical mind was attracted by the writings of Maimonides. After mastering the...
HEIM, MICHAEL – Austrian jurist; born Aug. 18, 1852, at Jakosič, Slavonia. He studied law at the University of Vienna (1871-75), and became royal assistant attorney ("Staatsanwaltsubstitut") at the court of Essegg (1883-90) and district judge...
HEINE – The family made illustrious by the poet can be traced back on the father's side to one Isaac Heine (Hehne), who lived at Bückeburg in the electorate of Hanover, and visited the Leipsic fair in 1697. The following sketch pedigree...