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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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HUNA B. ḤANINA (ḤINENA) – Babylonian amora of the fifth generation (4th cent.). His principal teachers were Abaye (in whose school R. Safra and Abba b. Huna were his fellow pupils; B. B. 167b) and Raba; R. Papa, his senior, was a fellow pupil under Raba...
HUNA B. JOSHUA – Babylonian amora of the fifth generation; died in 410 (Samson of Chinon, "Sefer Keritut," p. 26a, Cremona, 1558). He was the pupil of Raba (Ḳid. 32b), who seems to have been his principal teacher, and who sometimes praised him...
HUNA, MAR – See Exilarch.
HUNA B. NATHAN – Babylonian scholar of the fourth and fifth centuries. He was the pupil of Amemar II. and a senior and companion of Ashi, to whom he repeated several of Amemar's sayings and halakot (Giṭ. 19b; B. B. 55a, 74b). He was wealthy; but...
HUNGARY – Kingdom in central Europe, forming part of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. It is not definitely known when Jews first settled in Hungary. According to legend, King Decebalus of Dacia permitted the Jews who aided him in his war...
HUNTING – Pursuit of wild game; the common means of obtaining food before the pastoral or agricultural stage of development. The Hebrews of the Biblical age, however, seem to have passed this stage, as the heroes of Biblical story...
HUPFELD, HERMANN – German Christian Biblical scholar; born at Marburg March 31, 1796; died at Halle April 24, 1866. He was professor of Old Testament exegesis at Marburg from 1825 to 1843, when he succeeded Gesenius at Halle (1843-1866). In his...
ḤUPPAH – uppah, or Wedding-Baldachin, Among Dutch Jews, Seventeenth Century.(From Leusden, "Philologus Hebræo-Mixtus," Utrecht, 1657.)A Hebrew word signifying a canopy (Isa. iv. 5; Lev. R. xxv.; Eccl. R. vii. 11), especially the bridal...
HUR – 1. Biblical Data: Man of Judah, the grandfather of Bezaleel, the chief artificer of the Tabernacle (Ex. xxxi. 2, xxxv. 30, xxxviii. 22). According to the fuller genealogy in I Chron. ii. 18-20, he was the first-born son of...
HUREWITZ, ISRAEL (Z. LIBIN) – Russian-American playwright; born Dec., 1872, at Gorki, government of Moghilef. Between 1885 and 1888 he received some secular tuition from his brother, Ḥayyim Dob Hurwitz, the Hebrew economist and journalist. After working at a...
HURWITZ – See Horwitz.
HURWITZ, ADOLF – German mathematician; born March 26, 1859, at Hildesheim; studied at Munich, Berlin, and Leipsic. In 1882 he became privat-docent at Göttingen; in 1884 he was appointed assistant professor at the University of Königsberg; in...
HURWITZ, ḤAYYIM DOB – Russian economist and journalist; born about 1864 at Gorki, government of Moghilef. His father, a teacher of religion, destined him for a rabbinical career, but the boy's inclination led him to modern studies. After attending...
HURWITZ, ḤAYYIM BEN JOSHUA MOSES ABRAHAM HA-LEVI – Russian rabbi in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the author of: "Sefer Mayim Ḥayyim," explanations of the Pentateuch and the five Megillot (Dyhernfurth, 1690); "Sefer Mayim Ḥayyim Sheni," supplement to the...
HURWITZ, HYMAN – Professor of Hebrew and author; born 1770; died 1844. He was a native of Poland, in which country he acquired great proficiency in Biblical and Talmudical lore. He then went to England, and, making rapid progress with the...
HURWITZ, JUDAH BEN MORDECAI HA-LEVI – Russian physician and author; born at Wilna in the first half of the eighteenth century; died at Grodno Nov. 12, 1797. He graduated in medicine from the University of Padua, traveled extensively through Europe, and settled in...
HURWITZ, LAZAR LIPMAN – Russian scholar; born 1815; died at Wilna Oct. 21, 1852. He acted for many years as private instructor at Wilna, and then became teacher in a public school at Riga. Later he was appointed by the government head master in the...
HURWITZ, MOSES B. ISAAC HA-LEVI – Russian preacher; native of Krozh, government of Kovno, Russia; died in Wilna Oct. 25, 1820. He was on intimate terms with Elijah of Wilna, andwas the teacher of his sons. He became "maggid," or preacher, of Wilna, and occupied...
HURWITZ, PHINEHAS ELIJAH – Hebrew writer; born in Wilna; died in Cracow in 1812. While a youth he went to Buchach, a hamlet in Galicia, where he began his "Sefer ha-Berit," which afterward became widely known. Nachman Reiss, a wealthy philanthropist in...
ḤUSAIN, IMMANUEL BEN MENAHEM SEFARDI IBN – Talmudist of the sixteenth century; author of "Kelale ha-Gemara," rules of the Gemara, published in the collection of Abraham ibn 'Aḳra ("Sefer me-Harare Nemerim," Venice, 1599). This small work is divided into four chapters:...
HUSBAND AND WIFE – Legal Relations: As a punishment for her initiative in the first sin, the wife is to be subjected to her husband, and he is to rule over her (Gen. iii. 16). The husband is her owner ("ba'al"); and she is regarded as his...
HUSBANDRY – See Agrarian Laws; Land-Lord and Tenant; Sabbatical Year.
HUSHAI – Companion of David, generally called the Archite. When David was pursued by Absalom he sent Hushai to frustrate Absalom's plans. Hushai pretended adherence to the cause of Absalom, and his advice, preferred to that of...
ḤUSHIEL BEN ELHANAN – President of the bet ha-midrash at Kairwan toward the end of the tenth century. He was born probably in Italy. According to Abraham ibn Daud, he was one of the four scholars who were captured by Ibn Rumaḥis, an Arab admiral,...
HUTH, GEORG – German Orientalist and explorer; born Feb. 25, 1867, at Krotoschin, Prussia. In 1885 he entered the University of Berlin, and he graduated at the University of Leipsic (Ph. D.) in 1889. In 1891 he established himself at Berlin...