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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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JOSEPH BEN BARUCH – Tosafist of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Gross identifies him with Joseph of Clisson. Joseph resided for some time in Paris, where he associated with Judah Sir Leon and instructed Samuel of Falaise in special...
JOSEPH AL-BAṢIR – See Joseph ben Abraham ha-Kohen.
JOSEPH BEKOR SHOR – See Joseph ben Isaac Bekor Shor.
JOSEPH BEN BERECHIAH – Rabbi of Kairwan and a pupil of Jacob bar Nissim; flourished in the tenth century. He carried on a scientific correspondence with Hai Gaon, whom he consulted on halakic decisions, among which was that on the Tetragrammaton...
JOSEPH CASPI – See Caspi, Joseph.
JOSEPH OF CHARTRES – French elegiac poet; born in the second half of the twelfth century (Zunz ["Literaturgesch." p. 470] says that he flourished about 1200-10); brother-in-law of Joseph b. Nathan of Etampes, and great-uncle of the author of "Joseph...
JOSEPH OF CHINON – French Talmudist; lived about the middle of the thirteenth century. According to Zunz, Joseph was a son of Nathanael the Holy, but Gross points out that this was not the case. He is quoted in "Minḥat Yehudah" (Renan-Neubauer,...
JOSEPH OF CLISSON – See Joseph ben Baruch.
JOSEPH, DAVID – German architect; born July 4, 1863, at Königsberg, eastern Prussia; educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at Gnesen, at the Technische Hochschule and the University of Berlin, and at the University of Heidelberg,...
JOSEPH DAVID – Rabbi of Salonica; flourished in the first half of the eighteenth century; contemporary of Solomon Amarillo and Joseph Covo I. According to Azulai ("Shem ha-Gedolim," i.), Joseph David, "the Saint," was the chief rabbi of...
JOSEPH BEN DAVID HEILBRONN OF ESCHAU – German Masorite; lived at The Hague in the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Sefer Mebin Ḥidot" (Amsterdam, 1765), an important work on the Masorah, with an appendix containing a reply to a criticism of Asher Worms....
JOSEPH BEN DAVID HA-YEWANI – Greek grammarian and lexicographer; flourished at the end of the thirteenth or about the middle of the fourteenth century. He was the author of a still unpublished work entitled "Menorat ha-Ma'or," a Hebrew lexicon preceded by a...
JOSEPH DAVID BEN ẒEBI – Russian rabbi and author; born in Zetil, government of Grodno, 1767; died in Mir, government of Minsk, 1846. He was the grandson of the rabbi of Zetil and son-in-law of R. Moses of Kletzk. At an early age he was, appointed rabbi...
JOSEPH OF DREUX – French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century. His name occurs in a manuscript in the British Museum collection of commentaries on the Pentateuch (MS. Brit. Mus. Add. No. 22,092; see Geiger's "Jüd. Zeit." ix....
JOSEPH BEN ELIMELECH OF TORBIN – Polish scholar of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Ben Ẓiyyon" (Amsterdam, 1690), containing mnemonic terms for the precepts, formulas of headings of letters, explanations of the accent "zarḳa," ethical...
JOSEPH OF GAMALA – Son of a midwife (Josephus, "Vita," § 37). With Chares he incited the inhabitants of Gamala to revolt against Agrippa, and hence also against the Romans, in 66 C.E. (Josephus, "B. J." iv. 1, § 4). When the Romans took the city,...
JOSEPH BEN GORION – Date of the "Yosippon." Author of the "Sefer Yosippon," a history of the Jews from the time of the destruction of Babylon (539 B.C.) to the downfall of the Jewish state (70 C.E.), with historical accounts of Babylonia, Greece,...