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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SOLOMON B. JUDAH LÖB OF DESSAU – German Hebraist and teacher; born about 1662; died after 1734. He was a teacher in Dessau, and is said by Fürst to be the author of a small dictionary, or rather vocabulary, in Hebrew and Judæo-German entitled "Ḥinnuk Ḳaṭan"...
SOLOMON BEN JUDAH OF LUNEL – Provençal philosopher; born in 1411. His Provençalname was Solomon Vives. When he was only thirteen years of age he composed, under the direction of his master, Frat Maimon, a commentary on the "Cuzari" of Judah ha-Levi. This...
SOLOMON LEVI OF BURGOS – See Paul de Burgos.
SOLOMON AND MARCOLF – Medieval tale, or romance, describing the adventures and conversations of Solomon and one Marcolf, or Marolf. The adventures have some connection with those of Ashmedai, while the conversations consist chiefly of riddles similar...
SOLOMON BEN MAZZAL ṬOB – Turkish Hebrew poet and corrector for the press or, perhaps, printer; flourished at Constantinople in the first half of the sixteenth century. He was active in Hebrew printing from 1513 to 1549, as appears from the following...
SOLOMON BEN MEÏR – French grammarian and Biblical commentator of the twelfth century, grandson of Rashi and brother of the great tosafists Isaac ben Meïr (RIBaM), Samuel ben Meïr (RaSHBaM), and Jacob Tam, though the old and many modern authorities...
SOLOMON B. MENAHEM – See Frat Maimon.
SOLOMON, MICHAEL – British merchant and politician; born in England 1818; died in Jamaica May 5, 1892. He emigrated to Jamaica at the age of twelve, and eventually became the head of the firm of Bravo Brothers. He spent over sixty years of his...
SOLOMON B. MORDECAI – Polish rabbi; died 1609. He was a pupil of Solomon Luria and was rabbi of Meseritz and Ostrog, holding also some rabbinical position in Lemberg. He is referred to as "R. Shelomtzi, the pupil of Maharshal" in a manuscript work...
SOLOMON BEN MOSES CHELM – Polish rabbi of the eighteenth century; born at Samoscz, government of Lublin; died at Salonica in 1778. He was successively rabbi of Chelm, Samoscz (a district rabbinate), and Lemberg. To the last place Solomon was called in...
SOLOMON BEN MOSES BEN JEKUTHIEL DE ROSSI – Writer, and composer of synagogal hymns; flourished in Rome during the thirteenth century; died after 1284 in the prime of life. He was the earliest literary member of the Rossi family. His wife was Paola Anaw, the highly gifted...
SOLOMON BEN MOSES BEN JOSEPH – Italian liturgist of the thirteenth century; identified by some with Jehiel b. Jekuthiel Anaw, and by others with Solomon b. Jedidiah; a descendant probably of Zedekiah b. Benjamin Anaw. An exhortation called "Widdui" or...
SOLOMON BEN MOSES OF MELGUEIL – French philosophical writer and translator of the thirteenth century. The supposition that Solomon was a native of Melgueil, or Melgueir, the present Mauguio, is based on the fact that "Melgueiri"( ) is always a part of the...
SOLOMON, MYER – Founder of the St. Alban's Place Synagogue, London; born in the last quarter of the eighteenth century; died Dec. 31, 1840. He was appointed head of the Denmark Court Congregation in 1824, and took a prominent part in founding...
SOLOMON NASI BEN ISAAC NASI CAYL – Liturgical poet; lived at Marseilles about 1285. Cayl is a family name, derived from Caylus, a town in the department of Tarn-et-Garonne. Solomon composed the piyyuḥ , found in the Avignon Maḥzor. The name of this poet must not...
SOLOMON BEN NATHAN ASHKENAZI – See Ashkenazi.
SOLOMON, PHILIP S. – Attorney-general of Fiji; born at Lee, Essex, England, Oct. 15, 1830; died in New South Wales March 24, 1895. Early in life he went to Australia, and later to New Zealand, finally settling in Fiji. He arrived there in 1870, and...
SOLOMON DE SABALDUCCHIO – Physician; flourished in Perugia, Italy, in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Pope Boniface IX., shortly after his accession, appointed Solomon his body-physician (Oct. 13, 1392). The bull which this pope issued on April...
SOLOMON SALMAN B. MOSES – See London, Solomon.
SOLOMON BEN SAMSON – Scholar of Worms in the eleventh century; teacher and relative of Rashi, who refers to him as an authority beside his other teacher, Isaac ha-Levi (responsa of the French rabbis, Nos. 11, 24). Most probably he is identical with...
SOLOMON, SAMUEL – English quack; born in 1780; died in London 1818. He flourished in Liverpool and was an original and somewhat eccentric character who became widely known as the inventor and patentee of an empiric preparation called "Balm of...
SOLOMON SHALEM B. ḤAYYIM JEHIEL COHEN – Rabbi in the second half of the eighteenth century; died at Amsterdam 1781. He resided successively at Adrianople, Bologna, Sofia, and Amsterdam, in which last-named city he officiated as rabbi of the Portuguese community. He...
SOLOMON, SIMEON – English painter; born at Bristol 1834; died at London March 15, 1905; brother of Abraham Solomon. He early showed signs of artistic ability, and came under the influence of D. G. Rossetti. His drawings and paintings carry to an...
SOLOMON, SOLOMON JOSEPH – English painter; born in London Sept. 16, 1860. He received his artistic training at Heatherly's, at the schools of the Royal Academy, at the Academy of Munich, and at the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris, where he studied under...
SOLOMON OF TOURS – French Talmudist; contemporary of Rashi, with whom he carried on a learned correspondence. Rashi addresses him as "My dear friend." This expression, as well as the factthat Rashi points out an error which Solomon had made in...