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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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ANAB – A city in the hills of southern Judea, lying in the domain of Judah (Josh. xv. 50), from which Joshua exterminated the Anakim (Josh. xi. 21). It is still called Anab (Buhl, "Geographie des Alten Palestina," p. 164). G. B....
ANACLETUS II. (PIETRO PIERLEONI) – Antipope to Innocent II. from 1130 to 1138. By reason of his Jewish descent, which prompted Voltaire to call him ironically "the Jewish Pope," Anacletus had to face a great deal of opposition and calumny.An ancestor of...
ANAGRAM – The letters of a word so transposed as to make a different word or phrase. The use of anagrams by the Jews dates back to the remotest antiquity. Several occur in the Bible; for example: ("And Noah found grace," Gen. vi. 8),...
ANAH – 1. Mother of Aholibamah, one of the wives of Esau and daughter of Zibeon (Gen. xxxvi. 2, 14, 18, 25). The Septuagint, the Samaritan Pentateuch, and the Peshito read "son," identifying this Anah with No. 3 (see below). 2. Son of...
ANAIAH – 1. A supporter of Ezra (Neh. viii. 4), who is called Ananias in I Esd. ix. 43. 2. A prominent man who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 22). These two may be identical. G. B. L.
ANAKIM – Biblical Data: A pre-Canaanite tribe, dwelling (according to Josh. xi. 21, 22, and Judges i. 10, 20) in the hill country of Judah and in the Philistine plain (Hebron, Debir, Anab, Gaza, Gath, Ashdod). Three clans are mentioned:...
ANALOGY – Talmudic Rule of Interpretation. See Talmud, Hermeneutics of.
ANAMIM – A Mizraimite people, unidentified, mentioned in Gen. x. 13 and in I Chron. i. 11, who dwelt probably in Egypt or some neighboring region in Africa. G. B. L.
ANAMMELECH – A god worshiped by the Sepharvites in Samaria under the Assyrian régime, along with the god Adrammelech (II Kings, xvii. 31). Anu was the chief of the old Babylonian trinity, Anu, Bel, and Ea; and if Sepharvaim (compare ib. 24)...
ANAN – Babylonian amora of the third century, disciple of Mar Samuel (Yeb. 83b, Ḳid. 39a), and contemporary of Rab Huna and Mar 'Uḳba II. (Ket. 69a). Anecdote and legend combine to illustrate Anan's renown for extreme conscientiousness...
ANAN, SON OF ANAN – Born about the beginning of the common era (compare Josephus, "B. J." iv. 3, §§ 7 and 10); was appointed high priest by Agrippa II., in the year 62, but officiated only three months. As president of the Sanhedrin he availed...
ANAN, SON OF ANANIAS, THE HIGH PRIEST – He was strategus, or governor of the Temple at Jerusalem (Josephus, "B. J." ii. 12, § 6; "Ant." xx. 6, § 2), and while in office was sent (in 52) to Rome by Ummidius Quadratus, governor of Syria, to answer to Emperor Claudius...
ANAN BEN DAVID – In the second half of the seventh century and in the whole of the eighth, as a result of the tremendous intellectual commotion produced throughout the Orient by the swift conquests of the Arabs and the collision of victorious...
ANAN BEN MARINUS HA-KOHEN – Rabbinical authority in Siponte; born probably about 1040. Conjointly with his somewhat older colleague, Kalonymus ben Shabbethai, he signed a rabbinical responsum before the latter removed to Worms, 1070. His colleagues in...
ANAN, SALVATORE – Italian writer, pamphleteer, and revolutionary leader; born at Ferrara, 1807; died at Genoa, 1874. In recognition of his patriotic zeal and literary ability, the National Society, founded in 1848, elected him secretary and, a...
ANAN, SON OF SETH – See Annas.
ANANEL – See Hananel.
ANANEL (HANANEEL) DI FOLIGNO – Baptized Jew; lived at the middle of the sixteenth century. Joseph ha-Kohen reports in his "'Emeḳ ha-Baka" that Ananel was the leader of a triumvirate of apostates, who in 1553, appeared before Pope Julius III. with a sharp...
'ANANI, 'INANI, 'INYANI, 'ANANIEL B. SASON – A Palestinian amora of the third century, contemporary of R. Ammi. He rarely discussed Halakot, and his discussions of them were not original (Shab. 64b). Once he recited a Halakah in the patriarch's mansion, without naming its...
ANANIAS – This name stands in the Septuagint and New Testament as the equivalent for different Hebrew names, one (I.) with initial ח and the other (II.) with initial ע.I. 1. Son of Emmer who put aside his foreign wife (I Esd. ix....
ANANIAS OF ADIABENE – A Jewish merchant, probably of Hellenic origin, who, in the opening years of the common era, was prominent at the court of Abennerig ( ), king of Charax-Spasini (Charakene, Mesene). He was a zealous propagandist of Judaism among...
ANANIAS, SON OF NEBEDEUS – High priest, appointed by Herod of Chalcis. He officiated from about 47 to 59, and was deprived of his office by Agrippa II. (Josephus, "Ant." xx. 5, § 2; 9, § 2). When the governor of Syria, Ummidius Quadratus, was...
ANANIAS, SON OF ONIAS IV. – On account of the persecutions under Antiochus IV., Onias IV. fled from Jerusalem to Egypt, won the favor of Ptolemy VI., and built there a temple (Josephus, "Ant." xiii. 10, § 4). Ananias and his brother Helkias were held in...
ANANIAS, SON OF ZADOK – According to Josephus ("B. J." ii. 17, § 10; "Vita," 66-67), one of the deputies of high rank from among the Pharisees, sent in the year 66 by Simon ben Gamaliel and the leading personages in Jerusalem to reprimand Josephus, the...
ANANYEV – District, town, and village in the province of Kherson, Russia. In 1897 the Jewish population was: in the town 7,650 (50 per cent.); in the village 4,408 (34.9 per cent.); and in the district 4,555 (3.7 per cent.). There are...