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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BARTHOLOMEW RAYMUNDO – See Rimos, Moses.
BARTOLOCCI, GIULIO – Giulio Bartlocci.(From Bartolecci, "Bibliotheca Rabbinica.")Italian student of Jewish literature;. born at Celleno April 1, 1613; died Oct. 19, 1687. He was a pupil of a baptized Jew, Giovanni Battista, who instructed him in...
BARUCH – 1. Son of Zabbai or Zaccai, who took part in strengthening the wall of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah (Neh. iii. 20).2. A priest who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 7).3. A Judahite whose son Maaseiah was a...
BARUCH, APOCALYPSE OF (Greek) – An apocryphal work, in which Baruch, the disciple of Jeremiah, gives an account of the revelation which he received in heaven. The existence of this work (which is wholly different from the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch published...
BARUCH, APOCALYPSE OF (Syriac) – A pseudepigraphic work in which Baruch narrates his experiences during the periods just before and after the destruction of the Temple, and gives an account of the revelations received by him concerning the future. With the...
BARUCH, BOOK OF – Contents. One of the Apocryphal or so-called deuterocanonic books of the Old Testament. It consists of two parts. The first (i. 1-iii. 8) is in the form of a prose letter with a historical introduction. Baruch, the secretary of...
BARUCH – Polish mechanic of the beginning of the eighteenth century; lived in Pogrebishche. He produced two magnificent brass candelabra for the synagogue there, which are still extant. One of them was intended for the Ḥanukkah festival,...
BARUCH – A Jewish pioneer settler in Spain, whom the tradition of the Ibn Albaliahs regarded as the ancestor of their family. See Ibn Daud, "Sefer ha-Ḳabbalah," in Neubauer's "Medieval Jewish Chronicles," i. 74, and Albalia.G. H. G....
BARUCH, BARUCH B. MOSES IBN – Italian philosopher, Talmudist, and Bible commentator; lived at the end of the sixteenth century. He belonged to the old noble Spanish family of Baruch, also called "Bet Ya'aḳob" (introduction to his work mentioned below, 8d)....
BARUCH OF BENEVENTO – Cabalist in Naples during the first half of the sixteenth century. He was the teacher of Cardinal Ægidius of Viterbo and of Johann Albrecht Widmanstadt in the Zohar and other cabalistic works, and lectured upon these subjects in...
BARUCH B. DAVID – A Talmudic author; lived at Gnesen (near Posen) in the beginning of the seventeenth century. He wrote: "Gedullat Mordecai" (The Greatness of Mordecai), containing annotations and painstaking corrections to the work of Mordecai...
BARUCH DE DIGNE – Rabbi of central France toward the end of the thirteenth and the beginning of the fourteenth century; surnamed "Ha-Gadol" (the Great) in the responsa of Isaac b. Immanuel de Lattes. His first studies were made in Provence. An...
BARUCH BEN GERSHON OF AREZZO – Italian writer; lived in the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Zikkaron li-Bene Yisrael" (Memorial for the Children of Israel), containing a short account (in the Almanzi manuscript, four small folios) of the agitation...
BARUCH, ISAAC – See Albalia.
BARUCH B. ISAAC (ha-Kohen ?) – Tosafist and codifier; flourished about 1200. He was born at Worms, but lived at Regensburg; hence he is sometimes called after the one and sometimes after the other city. A pupil of the great Tosafist Isaac b. Samuel of...
BARUCH BEN ISAAC YAISH – See Ibn Yaish.
BARUCH, JACOB – President ("Baumeister") of the Jewish congregation of Frankfort-on-the-Main at the beginning of the nineteenth century; father of Ludwig Börne. Jacob's father was financial agent of the elector of Cologne. Baruch is described...
BARUCH B. JACOB (Shklover) – Talmudist, physician, and scientist; born at Shklov, White Russia, about 1740; died about 1812. He was one of the old-style Jewish scholars, more common in the Middle Ages than in the eighteenth century, in whom piety and...
BARUCH, JACOB [KOHEN-ẒEDEḲ] BEN MOSES ḤAYYIM – Editor at Leghorn during the latter part of the eighteenth century. He is known especially as the compiler and editor of a little volume, "Shibḥe Yerushalayim" (Praises of Jerusalem) or "Shabbeḥi Yerushalayim" (Praise Ye, O...
BARUCH, JOSHUA BOAZ BEN SIMON BEN ABRAHAM – A prominent Talmudist; lived at Sabionetta, later at Savigliano; died in 1557. He was a descendant of an old Judæo-Spanish family, and probably settled in Italy after the banishment of the Jews from Spain. When he was...
BARUCH LEIBOV – A merchant who was burned at the stake in St. Petersburg July 15, 1738. He was one of the numerous Judæo-Polish merchants of those times who, through their ability and the protection of the nobles, managed to carry on a...
BARUCH, LOEB – See Börne, Ludwig.
BARUCH B. MOSES OF PROSSNITZ – See Christiani, F. A.
BARUCH B. SAMUEL – Rabbi of the Ashkenazim at Constantinople or in its neighborhood, in the last half of the sixteenth century. He is mentioned in the responsa "Ohole Tam" of Tam ben Yahya, with whom he carried on a learned correspondence (ib....
BARUCH B. SAMUEL – Talmudist and prolific "payyeṭan"; flourished at the beginning of the thirteenth century; died at Mayence April 25, 1221. He was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha-Kohen of Mayence and of Eliezer b. Samuel of Metz; the judicial...