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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BARUCH B. SAMUEL ZANWILL HA-LEVI – An Austrian rabbi of the eighteenth century; born at Leipnik, Moravia; officiated at Semlin, Croatia. He was the author of "Zera' Shemuel" (Samuel's Seed), containing novellæ on the treatise Ketubot, Vienna, 1796. He also left,...
BARUCH, SIMON – Serves in the Civil War. American physician; born at Schwersenz, Prussia, July 29, 1840; educated at the Royal Gymnasium, Posen. Emigrating at an early age to America, he studied at the medical colleges of South Carolina and...
BARUCH B. SOLOMON KALAI – See Kalai.
BARUCH OF TULCHIN – Russian rabbi and leader of the Ḥasidim of the Ukraine; born at Medzhibozh, government of Podolia, about 1750; died there in 1810. He was the son of Adele, who was the only daughter of Israel Ba'al Shem-Ṭob, founder of Ḥasidism,...
BARUCH UZIEL B. BARUCH – See Forti, Baruch Uziel.
BARUCH YAVAN – Polish financier; agent of the Polish prime minister Count Brühl; born at Starokonstantinov, government of Volhynia, in the beginning of the eighteenth century; died probably between 1770 and 1780. His father's name was David...
BARUCH B. ẒEBI HIRSCH – A casuist; lived in Poland at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth. He wrote "Shema'tatade-Rab" (Teachings of the Master), containing elucidative discussions of halakic questions that had been...
BARUK SHE-AMAR – The initial words of the introductory benediction recited before the reading of the Psalms ("Zemirot") or selections of the Psalms ("Pesuḳe de-Zimrah") in the daily morning service; the corresponding closing benediction being...
BARUK SHE-AMAR SAMSON B. ELIEZER – See Samson b. Eliezer.
BARUN IBN ISAAC – See Ibn Barun.
BARZHANSKY, ADOLPH SOLOMONOWICH – Russian composer and pianist; born at Odessa 1851; died there 1900. His father, a member of a prosperous firm well known both in Russia and abroad, gave him a commercial training; but the young Adolph, who from childhood was...
BARZILAI – See Judah ben Barzilai.
BARZILAI, GIUSEPPE – Italian lawyer and Biblical commentator; born at Gradisca, near Triest, Austria, in 1828; studied at Casalmaggiore, province of Cremona. After having completed his law studies at the University of Padua, Barzilai established...
BARZILAI, SALVATORE – Italian deputy; born in Triest, Austria, July 5, 1860. Son of the Orientalist and archeologist Giuseppe Barzilai; studied law at the University of Bologna.In 1878 Barzilai was tried and condemned for treason against Austria,...
BARZILLAI – A wealthy Gileadite noble of Rogelim, who, together with two other prominent chieftains of the east-Jordanic territory, met David at Mahanaim, when he was fleeing with only a few followers from Absalom, and provided the king and...
BASAN, ABRAHAM HEZEKIAH B. JACOB – Corrector of the press and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century at Amsterdam and Hamburg. He was at first corrector at Amsterdam, where he also wrote eulogiums and poems on some works printed there....
BASAN, JACOB BEN ABRAHAM – akam of the Portuguese community of Hamburg. In 1755 he published a prayer for a fast-day by the Portuguese congregation, proclaimed on the occasion of the great earthquake in Lisbon.D. A. Fe.
BASCH, ABRAHAM – German poet and teacher; born at Posen July 17, 1800; died at Berlin Sept. 24, 1841. Basch was a somewhat precocious child, being able to expound the Talmud when twelve years old. A year later he became secretary to the mayor of...
BASCH, ÀRPÀD – Hungarian painter; born at Budapest 1873. He purposed at first to follow an industrial career, and attended the department of metallurgy at the Staatliche Mittelschule (government school) for one year. He then went to Munich,...
BASCH, GYULA – Hungarian painter; born at Budapest April 9, 1859. After completing his studies at the gymnasium, he attended the polytechnicinstitute at Zurich (1867-72), where he obtained his diploma as engineer. He devoted himself, however,...
BASCH, RAPHAEL – Austrian writer and politician; born at Prague, Bohemia, in 1813. After acquiring at that city a thorough familiarity with Hebrew and the Talmud, and with classics and philosophy, he went as teacher in the primary school of...
BASCH, SAMUEL SIEGFRIED KARL RITTER VON – Austrian physician; born at Prague Sept. 9, 1837; best known as the body-physician of the emperor Maximilian of Mexico. Basch was educated at the universities of Prague and Vienna. In 1857 he studied chemistry at the laboratory...
BASCH, VICTOR – Professor of philosophy at the University of Rennes; born at Budapest, Hungary, in 1863; son of Raphael Basch. Removing in childhood to France, he studied at the Sorbonne; in 1885 he was appointed professor at the University of...
BASCHWITZ – A family of printers, of which the following were the most prominent members:1. Meïr Baschwitz: Born at Dyhernfurth; son of Ẓebi Hirsch ben Meïr (No. 2). In 1731-32 he worked in the establishment of Israel b. Abraham in...
BASEL – In the Thirteenth Century. Capital of the canton of Basel-Stadt, Switzerland, bordering on the grand duchy of Baden and on Alsace. Owing to its flourishing trade, it was inhabited by Jews as early as the middle of the thirteenth...