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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BASEL CONGRESS – An international Zionist convention held at Basel on Aug. 29, 30, and 31, 1897, in the Stadt Casino, and which was called at the instance of Dr. Theodore Herzl. It was attended by Jews from all parts of the world, its purpose...
BASEL-LAND – A canton of Switzerland. It did not admit the French Jews, who had bought property in Liestal, the capital of the canton, notwithstanding the treaties existing between Switzerland and France. Jews have only recently resided in...
BASEL PROGRAM – By this term is understood the program of Political Zionism drawn up at the first Basel Congress, as the aim of the political-Zionist movement. The Basel Program was unanimously accepted at the morning session of thesecond day...
BASEMATH – See Bashemath.
BASEVI, ABRAMO – Italian composer and writer on music; born at Leghorn Dec. 29, 1818; died at Florence November, 1885. At first a physician in Florence (1858), he later devoted himself exclusively to the study of music, and achieved, after hard...
BASEVI, EMMANUELE – Italian physician and medical writer; born at Pisa in 1799; died in Florence Sept. 18, 1869. Basevi studied at the high school of his native city and later at the university there, obtaining his degree in 1817. He devoted the...
BASEVI, GEORGE (JOSHUA) – Architect; born in London in 1794; died at Ely in 1845. He was the son of George Basevi, whose sister, Maria, had married Isaac Disraeli and was the mother of the earl of Beaconsfield. Educated at first by Dr. Burney at...
BASEVI, JOACHIM – Italian jurisconsult; born at Mantua 1780; died at Milan 1867. His intelligence and culture procured him so much celebrity that he was chosen to defend Andreas Hofer, the Swiss patriot, before the court martial. When the...
BASHAN – The tract of country north of Gilead, the Yarmuk being the dividing-line. It stretches eastward along this southern limit as far as Salchah or Salecah (Deut. iii. 10), the modern Salkhat; thence northward to Hermon (Deut. iii....
BASHAR BEN PHINEAS – See Ibn Shuaib.
BASHEMATH, BASMATH – 1. One of the wives of Esau. In Gen. xxvi. 34 she is described as "the daughter of Elon the Hittite." According to the same source, Esau had another wife, Mahalath, the daughter of Ishmael, the sister of Nebajoth; but in Gen....
BASHUYSEN, HEINRICH JACOB – Christian printer of Hebrew books and Orientalist; born at Hanau, Prussia, Oct. 26, 1679; died about 1750. He founded a printing-establishment in his native city between 1709 and 1712; and over 100 publications were issued from...
BASHYAZI, ELIJAH B. MOSES B. MENAHEM OF ADRIANOPLE – Karaite ḥakam; born at Adrianople about 1420; died there in 1490. After being instructed in the Karaite literature and theology of his father and grandfather, both learned ḥakams of the Karaite community of Adrianople, Bashyazi...
BASHYAZI, HILLEL BEN MOSES – Karaite scholar; lived at Constantinople in the first half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of a commentary upon the Karaite prayer-book entitled "Tehillat Adonai" (The Praise of God). The work is still extant in...
BASHYAZI, MOSES BEN ELIJAH – Karaite scholar; great-grandson of Elijah Bashyazi; born at Constantinople in 1537; died in 1555. When but sixteen years of age, he displayed a remarkable degree of learning and a profound knowledge of foreign languages. He...
BASILEA, BASILA, BASSOLA, BASOLA, BASLA – A family originally from Basel in Switzerland (whence the name), but resident in the north of Italy and in Palestine from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century.In 1489 Mordecai Ẓarfati (the Frenchman) ben Reuben Bassola...
BASILISK – The translation in the Revised Version of the Hebrew "ẓefa'" and "ẓif'oni" (Isa. xi. 8, xiv. 29, lix. 5; Jer. viii. 17; Prov. xxiii. 32), for which the Authorized Version has "cockatrice." The Septuagint uses the word βασιλίσκον...
BASIN – The following Hebrew words are rendered "bason" in English: "aggan," "kefor," "mizraḳ," and "saf." Of these "aggan" and "kefor" are rare, the former occurring in Ex. xxiv. 6 as the name of the vessel in which the blood of the...
BASKET-TAX – The most burdensome and annoying of the special taxes imposed upon the Jews of Russia by the government. The edict concerning this medieval tax—one of the legacies inherited by the Russian government from the Catholic...
BASKETS – Egyptian Baskets.(From Wilkinson, "Ancient Egyptians.")Four kinds of Baskets are mentioned in the Old Testament—"dud," "tene," "sal," and "kelub"—but unfortunately without any intimation whatever of the differences of shape or...
BASMATH – daughter of King Solomon. See Bashemath.
BASNAGE, JACOB CHRISTIAN – Protestant pastor; born at Rouen, France, Aug. 8, 1653; died in Holland Dec. 22, 1725. At the age of twenty-three he took charge of the Protestant Church of Rouen, succeeding Etienne Le Moine, who had been called to Leyden as...
BASON – See Basin.
BASQUE PROVINCES – In the Thirteenth Century. A district of Spain, including Guipuzcoa, Biscay, and Alava, extending along both sides of the Pyrenees, where the Basques or Vasconians lived. Under an old fuero, or ordinance, Jews were never allowed...
BASRA – See Bassora.