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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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GROSSMAN, RUDOLPH – American rabbi; born at Vienna, Austria, July 24, 1867; B.L., University of Cincinnati, Ohio, and Rabbi and D.D., Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati. Grossman was associate rabbi of Temple Beth-El, New York, from 1889 to 1896, and...
GROSSMANN, IGNACZ – Hungarian physicist; born in Gönez-Ruszka, Abauj county, Feb. 16, 1823; died in Budapest May 21, 1866. He attended the University of Prague, devoting himself especially to mathematics and pedagogics. From 1847 to 1851 he was a...
GROSSMANN, IGNAZ – American rabbi; born at Trencsen, Hungary, July 30, 1825; died March 18, 1897, in New York city. He received his education at the yeshibah of Presburg, and in 1863 was called as rabbi to Koritschan, Moravia, which position he in...
GROSSMANN, LOUIS – American rabbi and author; born at Vienna, Austria, Feb. 24, 1863; educated at the University of Cincinnati (B.A.) and at the Hebrew Union College (D.D.). Grossmann is descended from a family of rabbis. In 1884 he became rabbi...
GROSSMANN, LUDWIG – Austrian mathematician and political economist; born at Leitomischl, Bohemia, March 14, 1854. As a boy he showed unusual aptitude for physics and mathematics; and he continued his studies in these branches at the University of...
GROSSWARDEIN (NAGY-VARAD) – Hungarian city, with a population of 51,000, about one-fourth of whom are Jews. The ḥebra ḳaddisha was founded in 1735, the first synagogue in 1803, and the first communal school in 1839. The old Jewish quarter, known as the...
GROTIUS, HUGO (HUIG VAN GROOT) – Dutch Christian diplomat, theologian, and scholar; born at Delft, Holland, April 10, 1583; died at Rostock, Germany, Aug. 28, 1645. In the religious combat between the Gomarists and Arminians Grotius was a follower of Arminius....
GROVES AND SACRED TREES – By many Oriental as well as Occidental peoples, whether of Semitic or non-Semitic stock, groves and single trees (oaks, terebinths, tamarisks, palms, etc.) were regarded and revered as favorite abodes of the gods, and were...
GROWTH OF THE BODY – From the studies of Majer for Galicia, Weissenberg for South Russia, Sack for Moscow, and Yashchinsky for Poland, which give uniform results, it is found that Jewish children grow very rapidly up to the age of six, whereas...
GROZOVSKI, JUDAH LÖB BEN ISAIAH REUBEN – Russian Hebraist; born at Pogosti, government of Minsk, in 1861. After having attended the yeshibah of Volozhin, Grozovski studied pedagogics in the Institute for Hebrew Teachers at Wilna. When twenty-seven years of age, he went...
GRUBER, JOSEPH – Austrian physician; born at Kosolup, Bohemia, Aug. 4, 1827; died at Vienna March 31, 1900. He graduated (M.D.) from the University of Vienna in 1855. In 1860 he settled in Vienna as a specialist in aural diseases, and became...
GRUBY, DAVID – French physician; born at Neusatz (Ujvidék), Hungary, Oct. 10, 1810; died in Paris Nov. 16, 1898. He studied medicine at the University of Vienna, and graduated in 1834. Although at that time a Jew was rarely permitted to hold a...
GRÜN, MAURICE – Russian painter; born at Reval, Russia, in 1870. He studied art at Munich and Geneva, and in 1890 went to Paris. There he became a pupil of Jules Lefèbre and Benjamin Constant, receiving the Academy medal and several honorable...
GRÜNBAUM, MAX (MAIER) – German Orientalist; born in Seligenstadt, Hesse, July 15, 1817; died in Munich Dec. 11, 1898. Grünbaum studied philology and philosophy at Giessen and Bonn. In 1858 he became superintendent of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum in New...
GRÜNEBAUM, ELIAS – German rabbi; born in the Palatinate Sept. 10, 1807; died in Landau Sept. 25, 1893. In 1823 he went to Mayence, where he became a pupil of the Talmudist Löb Ellinger, and in 1826 continued his Talmudic studies at Mannheim; in...
GRÜNFELD, ALFRED – Austrian pianist; born at Prague July 4, 1852; studied under Höger, under Krejci at the Prague Conservatorium, and under Kullak at the Neue Akademic der Tonkunst, Berlin. In 1873 he settled at Vienna, where he received the title...
GRÜNFELD, HEINRICH – Austrian violoncellist; born at Prague April 21, 1855; a brother of Alfred Grünfeld. Educated at the Prague Conservatorium, he went to Berlin in 1876, and for eight years taught at the Neue Akademie der Tonkunst in that city. In...
GRÜNFELD, JOSEF – Austrian physician and writer; born at Gyönk, Hungary, Nov. 19, 1840. After graduating from the gymnasium at Kaschau, he went successively to the universities of Budapest (1861) and Vienna (1863), graduating (M.D.) from the...
GRÜNHUT, DAVID – German rabbi of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, where his father was secretary of the congregation, and his maternal grandfather, Simon Günzburg, was a member of the rabbinate. In 1682 he...
GRÜNHUT, KARL SAMUEL – Austrian jurist; born at Bur-St. Georgen, Hungary, Aug. 3, 1844. He became associate professor in the juridical faculty of the University of Vienna in 1872, after having published "Die Lehre von der Wechselbegebung nach...
GRÜNHUT, LAZAR – Hungarian rabbi and writer; born at Gerenda, Hungary, in 1850. Receiving his diploma as rabbi while a mere youth, he went to Berlin, where he attended the lectures of Dr. Israel Hildesheimer at the rabbinical seminary, as well...
GRUNWALD, MAX – German rabbi and folklorist; born at Zabrze, Prussian Silesia, Oct. 10, 1871; educated at the gymnasium of Gleiwitz and (1889) at the university in Breslau, where he also attended the lectures of the Jewish theological seminary....
GRÜNWALD, MORITZ – Austrian rabbi; born March 29, 1853, at Ungarisch Hradisch, Moravia; died in London June 10, 1895. After a short stay in Prague he entered (1878) the Breslau Jewish theological seminary. In 1881 he was called to the rabbinate of...
GRÜNWALD-ZERKOWITZ, SIDONIE – Austrian authoress; born in Tobitschau, Moravia, Feb. 17, 1852. Her early education she received from her father, a physician. With her parents she removed successively to Holleschau, Vienna, and Budapest. She is well versed in...
GUADALAJARA – City in Castile, Spain. When Tariḳ ibn Zaid conquered the city in 711, he found Jews there, as in Toledo and other places, and gave the conquered city to them to guard. In the "fuero" (charter) which Alfonso VII. gave to the...