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JOAB – Jewish family to which belonged Aaron b. Samuel ha-Nasi, who lived for some time at Oria in Apulia in the second half of the ninth century. The name "Joab" has been especially frequent since the tenth century in the Roman family...
JOAB BEN JEHIEL – Liturgical poet; lived at Rome in the fourteenth century. He belonged to the Beth-El family, and was the author of five piyyuṭim (inserted in the Roman Maḥzor) for Passover, having for their subject the Canticles, and piyyuṭim...
JOACHIM, JOSEPH – Hungarian violinist; born at Kittsee, near Presburg, Hungary, June 28, 1831. He began to study the violin when he was five years old, and was placed under Szervaczinski, leader of the orchestra at the Budapest opera-house. He...
JOACHIMSEN, PHILIP J. – American jurist and communal worker; born in Breslau Nov., 1817; died in New York city Jan. 6, 1890. He emigrated to New York in 1827, and was admitted to the bar there in 1840. During the Civil war, he organized and commanded...
JOACHIMSTHAL, FERDINAND J. – German mathematician; born May 9, 1818, at Goldberg, Silesia; died April 5, 1861, at Breslau. In the year of his graduation (Ph.D. Berlin, 1842) he was appointed teacher at a "Realschule" in Berlin, and in 1846 was admitted to...
JOACHIMSTHAL, GEORG – German physician; born at Stargard, Pomerania, May 8, 1863. He graduated as doctor of medicine from the University of Berlin in 1887 and established himself at the German capital the following year. In 1890 he became assistant...
JOASH – 1. (Called also Jehoash.) —Biblical Data: Son of Ahaziah and Zibiah of Beer-sheba; eighth king of Judah (II Kings xii. 1, 2). Joash was the only descendant of the house of David living at the time of Ahaziah's death that escaped...
JOB – Biblical Data: Titular hero of the Book of Job. He was a native of Uz, rich, very pious, and upright, and he had seven sons and three daughters. His sons used to make a feast in their houses, one each day; and at the end of the...
JOB, THE BOOK OF – Complaint and Rejoinders. —Biblical Data: A dramatic poem in forty-two chapters, the characters in which are Job, his wife (mentioned only once, ii. 9), his three friends—Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar—Elihu, and God (see Drama,...
JOB, TESTAMENT OF – Greek apocryphal book, containing a haggadic story of Job. It was first published by Angelo Mai in the seventh volume of the "Scriptorum Veterum Nova Collectio" (pp. 180-191, Rome, 1833), and was translated in Migne's...
JOB, WELL OF – A deep well, situated just below the junction of the valley of Hinnom with that of Jehoshaphat, the channel of the Kidron being at this point 345 feet lower than the level of the Temple plateau. The well is of an irregular...
JOBAB – 1. Son of Joktan the Shemite (Gen. x. 29; I Chron. i. 23).2. Son of Zerah of Bozrah; second king of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 33, 34; I Chron. i. 44-45). In the Greek version of the Book of Job, at the end, there is the following...
JOCEUS (JOCE) OF YORK – English Jew of the preexpulsion period; leader of the York community at the time of the massacre in 1190. He is mentioned in the first English sheṭar, of 1176 (Jacobs, "Jews of Angevin England," p. 58). He was one of those who...
JOCHANAN – See Johanan.
JOCHEBED – Biblical Data: Wife and aunt of Amram, and mother of Aaron, Moses, and Miriam (Ex. vi. 20). She was the daughter of Levi, and was born in Egypt (Num. xxvi. 59). In the account of Moses' birth, Jochebed is indicated merely as...
JOCHELSON, WALDEMAR – Russian explorer and ethnologist; born in Wilna Jan. 1, 1856. He graduated from the gymnasium of Wilna, and became identified with the revolutionary movement. Compelled to leave Russia (1880), he went to Switzerland, where he...
JOD – See Alphabet, Hebrew; Yod.