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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SAINT GALL (ST. GALLEN) – Chief town of the canton of the same name in the northeast of Switzerland. The first information concerning its Jewish inhabitants dates from the year 1349, when the Jews, who then lived in a special quarter, the "Hinterlauben"...
SAINT-GILLES – Town of France, in the department of Gard, about eleven miles south-southeast of Nîmes. It was an important commercial center in the twelfth century. When Benjamin of Tudela visited the town it possessed a Jewish community...
SAINT-JOHN'S-BREAD – Fruit of the carobtree. It is not mentioned in the Masoretic text of the Old Testament, though Cheyne assumes that in three passages (II Kings vi. 25, xviii. 27 = Isa. xxxvi. 12; Isa. i. 20) ("carob-fruit") should be read...
SAINT JOSEPH – See Missouri.
SAINT LOUIS – First Synagogue. Largest city in the state of Missouri, U. S. A. Its pioneer Jew was Wolf Bloch, a native of Schwihau, Bohemia, who is reported to have settled there in 1816. The early arrivals probably intermarried and in this...
SAINT PAUL – See Minnesota.
SAINT PETERSBURG – Capital city of Russia. Antonio Sanchez, a Spanish Jew and member of the Academy of Sciences, lived in St. Petersburg in the reign of Elizabeth Petrovna. In the reign of Catherine II. there were three or four Jews in the city,...
SAINT-SYMPHORIEN D'OZON – Town in the ancient province of Dauphiné, France. In the fourteenth century it had a large and wealthy Jewish community, to which the dauphin Charles granted (1355) important privileges; for this a special impost was paid...
SAINT THOMAS – See West Indies, Danish.
SAJÓ, ALADÁR – Hungarian author; born at Waitzen Sept. 8, 1869; educated for the law at Budapest, where he devoted himself at the same time to writing novels. He served as lieutenant in the Twenty-third Battalion of Chasseurs in Bosnia from...
SAḲ, JACOB B. BENJAMIN WOLF – See Jacob ben Benjamin Zeeb Sak.
SALAḤTI – See Omnam Ken.
SALAMAN, ANNETTE A. – English authoress; died April 10, 1879; youngest daughter of S. K. Salaman, and sister of the musician of that name. In her girlhood, during which she was for a time bedridden, she compiled the texts of Scripture illustrative of...
SALAMAN, CHARLES KENSINGTON – English pianist, composer, and controversialist; born in London March 3, 1814; died there June 23, 1901. His musical talent became apparent at a very early age, when he studied under Neate (a pupil of Beethoven), Crotch, and...
SALAMAN, CHARLES MALCOLM – English journalist and dramatist; born in London Sept. 6, 1855; son of Charles Kensington Salaman, the composer. He is the author of "Ivan's Love-Quest" and other poems (London, 1879), and he has written the verses to many of...
SALAMANCA – Spanish city; capital of the province of the same name; famous for its university. The Jews of Salamanca rendered valuable services to King Ferdinand II. of Leon during the war against the King of Castile in 1169, and in return...
SALAMANDER – According to the Talmud, a species of toad which lives on land but enters the water at the breeding season (Ḥul. 127a; Lewysohn, "Z. T." §§ 277, 278). It generally appears, however, as a fabulous animal, generated in fire and...
SALAMON, NAHUM – English inventor; born in London 1828; died there Nov. 23, 1900. He may be regarded as practically the founder of the British trade in sewing-machines. He early recognized the possibilities of this invention; and introduced from...
SALANT, SAMUEL – Chief rabbi of the Ashkenazic congregations in Jerusalem; born Jan. 2, 1816, at Byelostok, Russia. Samuel married the daughter of Sundl of Salant and assumed the name "Salant." At an early age his lungs became affected, and he...
SALANTER, ISRAEL – See Lipkin, Israel.
SALE – Of Land: The steps by which the title to land is changed in a gift or sale have been shown under Alienation. The conveyance might be by deed ("sheṭar"), for the requisites of which see Deed. It remains to be shown how the object...
SALE AND SEIZURE – See Execution.
SALEM – Name of a place, first mentioned in connection with Abraham's return from the battle with Chedorlaomer, when Melchizedek, King of Salem, went to meet him (Gen. xiv. 18). Josephus ("Ant." i. 10, § 2; "B. J." vi. 10), the three...
SALEM, ASHER BEN IMMANUEL – Turkish scholar of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Maṭṭeh Asher" (Salonica, 1748), containing responsa, novellæ on some parts of the "Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah," laws concerning the slaughtering of animals after the method of...
SALEM SHALOAM DAVID – Chinese convert to Judaism; born at Hankow, China, of Chinese parents in 1853, and named Feba. Feba remained with his parents till 1861, when his family were murdered during the Taeping rebellion. He, along with other boys, was...