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SALFELD, SIEGMUND – German rabbi; born at Stadthagen, Schaumburg-Lippe, March 24, 1843. Having received his degree of Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 1870, he became in the same year rabbi of Dessau, Anhalt. In 1880 he was chosen rabbi of...
SALGÓ, JAKOB – Hungarian psychiatrist; born at Pesth in 1849; educated at Pesth, at Vienna (M. D., Vienna, 1874), and at Göttingen, where he was assistant to Max Leidesdorf. In 1879 he became privat-docent, and from 1880 to 1882 he was head...
SALIVA – Spittle. To spit in a person's face was regarded as an expression of the utmost contempt for him (Num. xii. 14; Deut. xxv. 9; Isa. 1. 6; Job xxx. 10; Matt. xxvi. 67; Lev. R. ix. 9). It was also a sign of disrespect to spit in...
SALKIND, SOLOMON BEN BARUCH – Lithuanian Hebrew poet; teacher in the rabbinical seminary, Wilna; died there March 14, 1868. He was the author of: "Shirim li-Shelomoh" (Wilna, 1842), a collection of poems, most of which are adaptations from other languages;...
SALKINSON, ISAAC EDWARD – Russian Hebraist; convert to Christianity; born at Wilna; died at Vienna June 5, 1883. According to some, Salkinson was the son of Solomon Salkind. As a youth, he set out for America with the intention of entering a rabbinical...
SALOMAN, GESKEL – Painter; born of German parents April 1, 1821, at Tondern, Sleswick; died July 5, 1902, at Stockholm. Soon after his birth his parents removed to Copenhagen, where Saloman received his education and attended the art school....
SALOMAN, NOTA S. – Danish physician; born at Tondern, Sleswick-Holstein, March 21, 1823; died at Copenhagen March 20, 1885. Educated at the University of Copenhagen (M. D. 1850), he was for one year physician in the merchant navy, and then became...
SALOMAN, SIEGFRIED – Danish violinist and composer; born in Tondern, Sleswick-Holstein, Oct. 2, 1816; died July 22, 1899, on the island of Dalarö, Sweden; brother of Geskel and Nota Saloman. He received instruction in violin-playing from Fröhlich,...
SALOMON – American family tracing its descent back to Haym Salomon, "the financier of the American Revolution." The family tree is as follows:Pedigree of the Salomon Family.
SALOMON, GOTTHOLD – First German Sermon. German rabbi; born Nov. 1, 1784, at Sondersleben, Anhalt; died Nov. 17, 1862, in Hamburg. His first teacher in Bible and Talmud was his uncle R. Meister Heinemann. In 1800 he went to the school of R. Joseph...
SALOMON, HAYM – Early Career. American financier; born at Lissa, Poland, in 1740; died in Philadelphia Jan. 6, 1785. It is probable that he left his native country after the partition of Poland in 1772. He settled in New York, and there married...
SALOMON, MAX – German physician; born at Sleswick, Sleswick-Holstein, April 5, 1837; son of Jacob Salomon; educated at the gymnasium of his native town and at the universities of Heidelberg, Berlin, and Kiel (M. D. 1861). After a postgraduate...
SALOMON, WILLIAM – American financier; born at Mobile, Ala., Oct. 9, 1852; great-grandson of Haym Salomon. His parents removed to Philadelphia a few years after his birth; and in 1864 he went to New York city, where he received his education. In...
SALOMONS – English family descended from Solomon Salomons, a London merchant on the Royal Exchange in the eighteenth century. The following are the principal members:Levi (Levy) Salomons: London financier and underwriter; born Jan. 16,...
SALOMONS, SIR JULIAN EMANUEL – Australian statesman; born in Birmingham 1834. He was called to the bar in Jan., 1861. Having emigrated to New South Wales, he was called to the bar of that colony, and practised with much success before the Supreme Court in...
SALOMONSEN, CARL JULIUS – Danish bacteriologist; born at Copenhagen Dec. 6, 1847; son of Martin S. Salomonsen. He studied medicine at Copenhagen (M.D. 1871) and took a postgraduate course at Paris and Breslau. Returning to Denmark, he established himself...
SALOMONSEN, MARTIN – Danish physician; born in Copenhagen March 9, 1814; died there Dec. 21, 1889; father of Carl Julius Salomonsen. He graduated from the University of Copenhagen (Candidatus Medicinæ, 1838), and afterward took up the study of...
SALONICA – Earliest Notice. Seaport city in Rumelia, European Turkey; chief town of an extensive vilayet of the same name which includes the sanjaks of Salonica, Serres, Drama, and Monastir; situated at the northeast extremity of the Gulf...
SALT – Biblical Data: A condiment for food. From earliest times salt was indispensable to the Israelites for flavoring food. Having a copious supply in their own country, they could obtain it with little trouble. The Dead or "Salt" Sea...
SALT LAKE CITY – See Utah.
SALT SEA – See Dead Sea.
SALUTATION – See Greeting, Forms of.
SALVADOR – See South and Central America.
SALVADOR, FRANCIS – Prominent patriot in the American Revolution; a member of the Salvador family of London, the name of which was originally Jessurum Rodriguez; died Aug. 1, 1776. Francis was the son of Jacob Salvador, and nephew of Joseph...
SALVADOR, JOSEPH – French historian; born at Montpellier Jan. 5, 1796; died March 17, 1873, at Versailles; buried, at his own request, in the Protestant cemetery of Le Vigan, near Montpellier, in his brother's family vault, the rabbi of Nîmes...